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TOM ARABIANS Arabians Horses Polish


Jerzy BIALOBOK

 
Text in English made following the French text

trouvez ici une interview fait par TUTTO ARABI réalisée avec Mr Le DIRECTEUR de MICHALOW " Jerzy Bialobok"

                                                     

 

 

                        The Power of Success: Michalow Stud

 

Situé au coeur de la Pologne le petit village de Michalow est le 2eme site - compte tenu du temps d'établissement et le nombre de chevaux Polonais - "élevage Pur-sang Arabe polonais". Contrairement à Janów Podlaski - avec sa puissance et la noblesse de la tradition et 200 ans d'histoire de l'élevage, Michalow créé en 1953 est une ferme organisée est située en nature d'une manière différente et plus moderne. Possédant l'un des troupeaux les plus consolidés dans tous les type autour du Haras de Michalow  avec son troupeau de poulinière grise , est célèbre dans le monde entier maître connu non seulement de l'élevage de champions, mais aussi de la commercialisation et maître pour prévoir les résultats de plusieurs dizaines de chevaux  vendus chaque année - certains des montants sont incroyables  - tout comme la jument Kwestura - vendue pour 1 125 000 euros au cours de la dernière Vente "PRIDE OF POLAND". À propos des mystères de la réussite du Haras de Michalow et ses plans pour le futur proche raconté par Mr Jerzy Białobok - le directeur actuel de  l'élevage depuis plus de 30 ans, aussi connu sur la liste de l' ECAHO  comme juge international:
 

 

HARAS de Michalow

 

Michalow est le seul HARAS d’ Etat de la Pologne qui parvient à exister seulement avec ses propres revenus (plus de chevaux arabes ayant aussi un troupeau d'Appaloosa, poneys shetland et vaches laitières) et gagne d'excellents résultats, et ont aussi les outils financiers. À l'heure actuelle, après 32 ans de votre séjour en tant que directeur du Haras de Michalow est de gagner le prix pour la meilleure ferme d’Etat polonais presque chaque année. Quelle est la définition de ce succès économique du haras de Michalow tandis que les autres fermes d'État polonais ont des conditions beaucoup plus difficiles ?

 Jerzy Białobok: La plupart des succès de stud Michalow sont du grâce à son créateur le premier directeur - Ignacy Jaworowski, qui était un grand éleveur, mais certainement une « pierre qui roule ». Je me souviens quand je suis arrivé à Michalow c’était à l'époque du communisme, et le directeur Jaworowski était déjà en place avec la chance d'élever des chevaux de type qu'il désirait. Tout d'abord il a estimé le cheval arabe comme un cheval de « Show » avec un certain type et les caractéristiques de la sélection. De son avis, les chevaux arabes devait être beau et il ne pourrait jamais accepter les règles proposées par hipologist polonais bien connu - dr Skorkowski qui a divisé les Etalons Arabe strictement en différents types et surtout par la couleur du pelage. Directeur Jaworowski, tout comme la plupart des éleveurs, pense que l'accouplement de différents sangs peut entraîner des effets remarquables. En outre, il était en voyage en Egypte très souvent à cette époque et ce qu'il a trouvé était que les gens du Moyen-Orient n'a pas non plus suivit les règles des passages « Coranic » seules les baies avec des baies et les gris avec les gris. Pendant ces voyages en Egypte, il a été demandé aux éleveurs locaux si les chevaux présentés ont tous les pedigrees et il arrivait souvent qu'il entendait la réponse suivante: "le cheval n'a pas de pedigree, mais peut l’ avoir si vous le voulez". Comme un éleveur qui permet de connaître quelques langues différentes il a été très bien pour les gens autour Ignacy Jaworowski avait une chance de prouver qu'il avait raison. Plus tard dans l'année il était plus facile d'apporter des ETALONS à l'extérieur à la fécondation croisée des lignées en important «  Tersk étalons Stud » et en fait NEGATIW, Nabor et Comet ont été les premiers à être utilisé en Pologne et ils qui correspondaient à la vision de reproduction du Haras de Michalow. Pour sûr, il préférait les juments grises et le troupeau de poulinières grises de Michalow était bien connu déjà à cette époque.

 TUTTO ARABI : Directeur Jaworowski a son temps à venir?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Il l'a certainement programmé, mais il aimait aussi à étudier et à lire des magazines étrangers. Ce n'était pas si commun à Voyager aux États-Unis aussi souvent que de nos jours, mais même en regardant à travers Arabian Horse World magazine qu'il a utilisé pour l'étude des photographies. Pour un éleveur c’est l'un des  premier regard subjectif sur un cheval. Il a vu que les éleveurs américains préfèraient des types différents de chevaux arabes. Je pense que le Haras de Michalow à ces moments là a été dans une meilleure situation que Janów Podlaski, . Je me souviens, il y a 30 ans Michalow était encore chasser des réalisations de Janów et c'est toujours plus facile à chasser que d'être chassé. Quand j'ai commencé mon travail à Michalow il ya 32 ans, j'ai réalisé qu’avec nos chevaux , nous étions en concurrence en SHOW avec ceux de Janow qui sont tout à fait comparables «mais nous avons dû faire face à son histoire et de tradition. Quelle est la meilleure façon de traiter? - Ce n'est que par un travail supplémentaire qui aurait pu être fait. Comme il n'était pas courant à l'état des chevaux avant les représentations en Pologne à cette époque, nous aurions pu faire beaucoup de petites choses. Je me souviens de la première percée à la vente aux enchères - la vente de Carawella (NEGATIW - Czatanoga) en 1977 qui a gagné le cœur des acheteurs avec ses bonnes trames, ces mouvements dans l'arène, stand-up parfait et sa belle robe gris pommelé était son grand avantage aussi. Les soumissionnaires américains sont devenus fous. Le prix moyen payé pour un cheval à la vente a été de 20 à 30 000 $ à ce moment-là. Elle a été vendue pour 153 000 $. Bien sûr, quand je commençais mon aventure avec le Haras de Michalow personne ne s'attendait à un génie de reproduction des idées de moi, j'ai décidé de mettre l'accent sur l'entraînement des chevaux et de conditionnement. Tout a commencé avec mon Voyage au salon de Paris en 1978 et la collecte de l'équipe de personnes fiables pour travailler avec. Bien sûr, nous regardiont les formateurs étrangers, mais nous avons également travaillé sur nos propres méthodes de chevaux sélectionnés. Discuter des choses avec Tadeusz Wojtal qui a établi le programme de formation au haras Michalow nous avons commencé d’abord par le conditionnement , ensuite de détente et de formation . Trouver des gens plus grand comme Krystyna Podlejska, Marek Bajor et Mariusz Liśkiewicz. Malheureusement, certains des membres de l'équipe au moment où ils sont devenus assez bon ont quitté le Haras pour l'étranger - en raison des conditions difficiles de l’ économie polonaise à l'époque.

 TA: Comment le Haras de Michalow - la ferme d'État chargé de préserver les lignées certains combiner cette fonction avec le marché de l'Ouest agressive et un polonais de plus en plus exigeants - que les chevaux doivent encore se montrer de plus en plus sophistiqués et quand vous avez besoin pour rivaliser avec le grand nombre de chevaux a  l'extérieur de l'Europe?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Il est difficile en effet. Nous restons sur le dessus en quelque sorte ce qui est dur car il est plus facile de grimper au sommet que pour eesayez d'y rester. Je pense que je vais essayer de trouver un mérite d'or entre l'utilisation d'étalons à la mode et les haras et je suis très heureux que Kabsztad (Poganin - Kwestura) - 2008 Champion National Polonais de Colt, de réserve européen et Sharjah 2009 Champion International Colt et Al Khalediah Réserve est une fille de race polonaise Poganin et c'est aussi une continuation de Laheeb - l'utilisation en ligne égyptienne en Pologne. Bien que Kabsztad est né  grâce à Michalow à la coopération avec le HARAS de Janów et je pense personnellement que c'est dommage qu'il y est un terme pour les étalons étrangers parmi les Polonais des éleveurs privés mais je comprends leur façon de penser. Il a été l'une des raisons qui m'a fait quitter l'idée de vendre Ekstern (Monogramm - Ernestyna) malgré les offres très haute sur lui, car je reconnais Ekstern comme le meilleur père pour la production en Pologne aujourd'hui. Peut-être que sa progéniture n'est pas parfait mais je pense que cet étalon devrait rester en Pologne maintenant et il peut produire son digne successeur. Peut-être que nous pouvons considérer le vendre ensuite comme nous l'avons fait avec Emigrant (Ararat - Emigrantka) qui a quitté son fils - Gaspar (sur Gaskonia). Gaspar est un père comparable avec son père et ses filles qui sont parfois même mieux d'autant plus que d'émigration est la descendance maturation tardive et les femelles deviennent juments classe très élevé étant de 5 ou 6. Je pense que Gaspar sera ce genre de père aussi.

 TA: Ekstern n'a pas de successeur en Pologne à ce jour?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Ces successeur mâle doit être prouvée dans l'élevage ce qui signifie qu'il devrait être le père d’ une bonne descendance. Son ancêtre principal pour le moment - Alfa est encore jeune comme Etalon. Je suis impatient pour certains poulains d’ Ekstern né au haras de Janów ou ailleurs qu'ils ne transportent pas des fautes de leur père - comme le cou étant trop court parfois, mais je pense qu'il devrait y avoir une descendance intéressante d’ Ekstern  à Janow Podlaski. Encore beaucoup de jeunes étalons sont assez difficiles comme Etalons - citant Poganin pour reprendre encore l'exemple - il est assez difficile d'être élevé pour que sa progéniture peut être à la fois excellente et ne satisfaisant pas mais je pense que nous devrions continuer à essayer ces jeunes étalons - c'est ce que s’efforce de faire le Haras de Michalow en considérant les lignées à préserver. Bien sûr, le rêve de tout éleveur d’ Etalons comme Gazal Al Shaqab ou Laheeb qui reste juste pour une saison à Michalow ont fait un excellent travail. Laheeb a été choisi par nous déjà comme un yearling , nous le regardions quand il avait deux ans et il n'avait pas un type spectaculaire pour un cheval égyptien à ce moment là, mais il nous a fasciné par ses cadres et l'absence de grandes fautes graves dans les jambes, ayant une belle tête et du cou, être élégant - un type de l'étalon égyptien que l'on souhaite utiliser à partir de la première vue. Bien sûr, les Etalons comme Monogramm  sont celles d'une fois dans un temps de vie. Je m'efforçais de mettre Monogramm  en retour à Michalow où il pourrait trouver une bonne retraite et finir par se reproduire avec quelques juments de façon naturelle parce que nous n'avons pas réussi en plus avec son sperme frais et congelé . En outre, ladite Monogramm en tant que père n'existe pratiquement pas sur le marché américain malgré le fait que son Michalow-filles de race comme Kwestura, Zagrobla ou le dernier - 2009 Arabian Breeders Coupe du Monde de champion de réserve - Embra obtenu le plus grand titres aux États-Unis. Mais toujours il n'a pas abouti à son usage dans les États, ils ont même dit qu'il n'était pas le meilleur producteur là-bas.

 TA: En regardant les résultats des chevaux arabes polonais sur les spectacles au cours des deux dernières années, il est facile de constater que les meilleures réalisations sont acquises par la descendance de juments polonaises - mais désiré par des étalons étrangers. On peut voir dans la reproduction privée polonaise qui ressemble pour les Etalons étrangers beaucoup ces  derniers temps, mais aussi à l'état « Stud » étant plus conservateur à ce jour. Est d'avis que le meilleur produit peut sortir de juments polonaises, mais par les Etalons étrangers vrai?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Les statistiques disent que c'est vrai, mais le dernier de ces succès se fut celui engendré par Monogramm qui n'était pas vraiment étrange pour l'élevage polonais dans son pedigree. En regardant dans le passé le plus de succès polonais chevaux élevés ont été ceux issus par Palas qui a été bien étrange et ont engendré un groupe exceptionnel de juments, NEGATIW et Nabor - le père de notre jument premier champion européen en 1973 - Estebna. Il a également concerné les juments par Probat. Je me souviens de ses filles - en 4 ou 5 juments mis sur les premières places de leurs classes dans une rangée ont tous été engendré par Probat. Seuls les descendants de Monogramm ont toujours répété de telles réalisations. Laheeb ou la descendance désirée Gazal Al Shaqab »a également été très positif, cette affirmation est difficile de nier en effet. Peut-être que les  étalons polonais sont en quelque sorte trop près de nos juments si je ne peux pas expliquer cette génétiquement ou logiquement. Eukaliptus peut être une sorte de déni. Sa meilleure descendance a probablement été produit à partir de gris juments saklavi du Haras de  Michalow tout comme Janów son accoutrement était envoûtant que les jeunes mais plus tard dans l'âge où ils n'ont pas attiré tant que ça mon attention , mais j'ai peut-être l'habitude d'avoir des attentes différentes pour un type des chevaux d’ Eukaliptus. Une sorte de refus contre la théorie de produire des étalons étrangers a également été Comet  désiré par un groupe exceptionnel de juments, également à Janow avec Bandos... - Je me souviens du programme d'élevage à Janów quand ils ont apporté 16 filles matures Bandos à partir de la granges pour la présentation, ils ont été tous accrocheur dans le type, la sécheresse, la qualité, peut-être pas tous , la tête a été affinée par exemple, certains d'entre eux un peu long, mais ces juments étaient de la classe excellent. Quoi qu'il en soit la décision est plus après des chevaux étrangers que polonais tels ceux qui ont réussi ont été Eukaliptus, Bandos, Probat, Comet - si les dernières seulement. Bien que, en plus de Palas, ces succès étrangers en Pologne étaient pour la plupart d'origine polonaise de toute façon.

 TA: Le Haras de  Michalow a utilisé ces Chevaux à la mode Enzo ou QR Marc dernièrement. Est-ce un signe que vous suivez la mode commun ou il y avait des raisons particulières pour  que vous ayez choisi ces chevaux pour le haras de Michalow?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Pour parler franchement, parce Gazal Al Shaqab n'est pas si facilement disponibles, nous avons été à la recherche de certains étalons de remplacement et c'est pourquoi nous choisissons QR Marc qui est à coup sûr très joli lui-même compte tenu du type, sa lignée paternelle est très bonne et il n'a pas de fonctionnalité que je n'aime pas particulièrement à Marwan al Shaqab et certains de ces ladres sur la partie longue de la face, tandis que j'admirais ses aïeux - Gazal Al Shaqab beaucoup de tête . Mais il n'est pas un cheval parfait en ce monde. J'avais un peu peur de la couleur marron et des marques blanches d'Enzo, mais je les aimé quand il était en compétition en même temps que  Ganges et Kwestura quand le couple était aux Etats-Unis il ya quelques années. J'ai été moins satisfaits avec lui plus tard mais c'est une sorte de dilemme chaque éleveur doit faire face et de ne jamais faire jusqu'à ce qu'il tente et nous avons parfois un étalon qui ne nous satisfait pas au total.

 TA: Marek Trela - le directeur du Haras de Janow Podlaski  dans sa dernière interview pour Tutto Arabi a parlé de son sentiment sur les lignes ancienne du désert qu'il serait enthousiaste à introduire dans l'élevage polonais à nouveau. Il a expliqué ce fut une raison pour l'usage Hlayyil Ramadan à Janów Podlaski récemment. Parmi les étalons jamais utilisé en Pologne lequel choisiriez-vous pour le Haras de Michalow ?

 Jerzy Bialobok : Je n'ai pas trouvé celui qui me séduirait beaucoup jusqu'à présent, mais à en juger à quelques reprises au Moyen-Orient principalement en Arabie saoudite, j'ai été impressionné par ce qu'on appelle les chevaux domestiques. Certains d'entre eux me rappellent ces vieilles photos de nos premiers chevaux arabes importés du désert. Il y a quelque chose de spécial dans la sécheresse des tissus nobles et de ces chevaux, malgré les têtes étant tout à fait ordinaire parfois, mais comme on peut le voir à travers les dernières années - il est plus facile et d'autre part - la plus difficile à changer la forme de tête de cheval. Pour le désert que les chevaux de race sont de très bonne qualité et en quelque sorte ils ont aussi attiré les premiers importateurs à venir sur le chemin de l'Europe d'acquérir l’original cheval arabe. Je peux le comparer à la danseuse de cabaret ou des femmes de l'époque durant la guerre à tous les mi et les femmes de la couvertures de magazines ou de manquer des compétitions de nos jours - ils sont également de type certainement différente et il montre que les peuples ont le goût des changements dans le temps. Bien que je n'approuve pas l'idée d'importer une jument avec un étrange pedigree à la Pologne, parce que je pense que nous devrions resté basé sur notre propre race chevaline de l'améliorer avec des étalons différents, mais il serait tentant pour moi d'importer quelques juments interne à la Pologne, même si elles ne pourraient jamais être entré au Stud Book arabe polonais . Il serait juste que l'on appelle un art pour l'art, mais si j'avais payé le haras de ma poche, j’importerais des juments, comme je pense et cela pourrait avoir des résultats intéressants dans l'élevage.

 TA: Alors, pouvons-nous espérer ce genre d’ étalon à Michalow - pas nationale, mais représentant un désert ou lignées égyptiennes?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Oui, je crois, en outre, que nous aurions pu voir des effets positifs de l'introduction de ces étalons - que Palas (Assouan - Panel) en Pologne. Je pense aussi que son demi-frère paternel Magnit (Assouan - Magnolia) a été retiré du programme d'élevage trop tôt et vendu trop vite - il a toujours donné une deuxième sortie de juments après Palas. J'ai beaucoup aimé son frère Marsianin  - il était certainement plus joli et ont engendré la descendance encore mieux. Après nos résultats positifs avec Laheeb Je pense que je voudrais trouver un étalon semblable à lui - mais pas une sorte de jouet porcelaine fait si vous savez ce que je veux dire, en regardant comme une statue de porcelaine que je n'aime pas ce type de cheval mais quand je juge que ces chevaux, il est difficile de les punir pour quelque chose – ils sont généralement aussi aller très bien dans le cycle même si parfois le pouvoir n'est plus assez pour les compétitions du championnat ...

 TA: Quelques mots sur la Production de 2009 des poulains au haras à Michalow - avec la descendance d'étalon de qui êtes-vous satisfait le plus en ce moment?

 Jerzy Bialobok:Je pense qu'avec Laheeb tirer le meilleur parti, à coup sûr avec Ekstern et QR Marc qui m'a positivement surpris mais le travail a été assez facile car ils ont eu certains des meilleurs poulinières mais aussi quelques têtes moins typé et nous avons obtenu un très bon résultats. Ces poulains sont très jeunes encore , ils vont changer beaucoup de choses. La descendance de notre Etalon maison Eryks (Gazal Al Shaqab - Emmona) a été une très belle surprise pour moi aussi - malheureusement, ils sont pour la plupart des poulains mais agréable et de très bonne qualité.

 TA: Et vos poulains préférés en 2009 sont ....?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Je n'aime pas parler de mes favoris comme d'habitude quelque chose de mauvais leur arrive par la suite, en outre, que le temps de pâturage d'été - Je ne sais pas si tous les éleveurs de chevaux arabes sont superstitieux, mais je le suis parfois ...

 TA: Qu'est-ce que l'éleveur et le gestionnaire de la ferme de Michalow ressent quand il regarde sa jument Kwestura vendue à plus de 1 million d'euros?

 Jerzy Bialobok : Je pense que les décisions de vendre et de ce qu'il faut garder sont très difficiles à tous et j'essaie toujours d'attendre un moment idéal pour vendre un cheval exceptionnel. Bien sûr, chaque éleveur a quelques pas pour les chevaux en vente dans son esprit - comme nous avons eu notre E-line jument fondation Emigracja (Palas - Emisja) et ses filles - Emigrantka ou Emanacja (à la fois par Eukaliptus) - ils sont tout simplement trop précieux mais au Haras de Michalow il y a des chevaux autres avec plus de succès dans les rings. Nous avons vendu l'un d'eux - Wilejka (El Paso - Warmia) - à une zone de climat différent - juste pour sauver sa vie. D'un autre côté il y a des chevaux qui peut promouvoir avec succès notre élevage avec des propriétaires étrangers. D'une certaine manière je suis arrivé à la conclusion que nous avons obtenu tout ce qu'on pouvait à partir Kwestura - compte tenu de notre concept de reproduction et ce fut le dernier moment pour lui offrir. C'est pourquoi nous lui avons conclu par le Championnat du monde 2007 à Paris. Elle a évité un an avant quand elle était déjà à Paris, étant en excellente disposition, mais juste avant le spectacle, elle s'est tordu la jambe dans la stalle et elle boitait - parfois chaque nuage a une lueur d'espoir et après sa performance en 2007 j’étais certain que la date de vente était venue. Avec le résultat de son fils Kabsztad (Poganin x Kwestura ) remportant le titre de champion de 2008 Białka Junior Spring show a aidé à prendre cette décision et je pense que le moment était optimale. Je suis heureux que Kwestura a trouvé sa nouvelle maison à SH. Ammar Bin Humaid Al Nuaimi Haras d'Ajman - et je pense que Kwestura peut encore faire beaucoup dans le ring avec cet elevage qui est très axée sur les spectacles.

 TA: Avez-vous fait la planification de cette vente depuis longtemps ou si c'était simplement une idée de dernière minute pour la mettre sur la liste des ventes?

 Jerzy Bialobok:  Je comptais avec sa vente, je savais que son heure arrivait, et cette compétition au Championnat du monde 2007 m'a conforté sûr de cela. Pour parler franchement, des 2 filles deMonogramm - Kwestura et Fallada Je pensais davantage à Fallada à cette époque, mais avec Kwestura gagner à Paris il valait mieux sur le moment un "acheteur captivé" et ainsi les juments ont modifié leur ordre sur la liste des ventes. Je pense que Kwestura était à côté de la fille de haute qualité Monogramm dernière à être offert par le Haras de Michalow et je pense que notre élevage n'est pas pour la première fois dans cette puissance en cours d'exécution grâce à des enchères tout le prix de vente de Kwestura et quelques autres juments vendu plus de 200 000 ou 300 000 euros. Le cheval qui réunit toutes les enchères jusqu'ici est un bon avantage de l'événement mais il me donne un mal de tête plutôt que de satisfaction - une partie importante de l'histoire du Haras de Michalow était lié avec Kwestura et pour s'assurer qu'il était dommage de la vendre  mais je sais que nous devons continuer à bâtir notre marché pour les chevaux et l'attirer avec quelque chose de nouveau encore autrement sinon ce marché va mourir ou devenir une faiblesse. C'est la même chose que de notre conclusion au sujet de l'expansion qu’il y a eu il y a quelques années sur le marché américain - Le marché américain n'est plus le meilleur partenaire de vente en ce moment qui peut être vu facilement en regardant les résultats des enchères depuis ces trois dernières années, mais ce marché est fortement pénétrée par les clients du Moyen-Orient qui achètent la plupart de leurs chevaux en provenance des États unis - en collaboration avec l'Amérique du Sud, d'où les chevaux sont habituellement ce que montrent les États-Unis en premier. Je pense que l'idée des chevaux de Michalow en rings  aux USA depuis de nombreuses années, jusqu'à présent, à donné lieu à de très haut niveau  d’enchères de Janow Podlaski .

 TA: Avez-vous peur de l'influence de la crise mondiale dans les résultats de 2009 aux enchères à Janów Podlaski? Cela a t-il influer sur la crise la liste des ventes ou des prix minimum prévu?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Je pense que le groupe de chevaux que j'ai essayé de choisir plus de la moyenne n'est pas mauvais. Je pensais qu'après la vente du succès de l'an dernier que je vais enfin avoir une tranquillité d'esprit et se livrer un peu, mais le temps que ni nous ni les banquiers devraient a venir - le prix de l'euro s’est tant envolé et tout a basculé . La crise mondiale n'est pas si visible en Pologne, mais il est présent aux États-Unis, d'avoir un système financier différent. Pour moi, cette crise a des symptômes de quelques artifices, un certain contrôle et il est difficile de dire si et comment il y aura une influence dans cette vente aux enchères par an - en Europe, la crise mondiale existe surtout dans les grandes industries avec de grands investissements aux États-Unis - tels que vente de voiture ou d’ avion, mais pas vraiment dans les petites entreprises. On ne sait jamais comment la vente se poursuivra et parfois - dans l'effet d'une bonne promotion de nos chevaux - il y a des nouveaux clients mystérieux en provenance d'Indonésie en comparaison et ils achètent la plupart des chevaux offerts. Je peux être heureux que ce printemps tout le reste des chevaux ont été vendus au cours des deux dernières années ont laissé le haras si cela signifie que nous avons géré la crise ….. Je pense que cette année nous avons plus des préoccupations mais le marché du cheval arabe est imprévisible et c'est pourquoi il est ainsi si difficile. Bien sûr, faire quelques préparatifs, nous pouvons essayer d'aider pour le résultat mais nous ne pouvons jamais prévoir. Je pense que le groupe de chevaux  de Michalow est très bonne et il y a beaucoup à se battre avec pour un client .

 TA: En regardant à travers cette liste de vente de 2009 « Pride of poland » on peut avoir l'impression que l'âge moyen des chevaux offerts a baissé et il n'y a pas autant de vedettes du show mais plus jeunes poulinières avec pedigrees très à la mode mais inconnu de la scène ... - pourquoi?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Comme Haras d’état , nous avons un problème avec le plus grand nombre montrant que 20 ou 30 bons chevaux. Il y a toujours meilleur et le pire dans ce groupe et les meilleurs doivent être sélectionnés pour la formation spectacle. Bien sûr, nous pourrions faire une carrière montrer trop de juments mais il faut alors ouvrir un «cirque ambulant» - Début de la compétition de Wels ou Verone en Italie, mais nous aurions également besoin d'une deuxième équipe de travail et Voyager avec les chevaux -  la première équipe pourrait préparer les chevaux aux enchères. Bien sûr, il est possible et je pense que si cette crise venait dans notre réalité, cela nous obligerait à le faire.

 

TA: Et comment, dans un tel état un important Haras comme celui de Michalow fait il pour le processus de sélection des chevaux à vendre »est-il organisé?

 

Jerzy Bialobok: La sélection commence peu après la vente précédente et se précise au cours des inspections tous les matins dans les Boxes. Je dois me persuader - et en tant que directeur Mr Jaworowski m'a appris –qu’il faut prendre les décisions dans le groupe. Bien sûr, le directeur en chef doit faire le dernier mais si l'un de nos gestionnaires de reproduction - Urszula Białobok ou Magda Helak insistent pour garder sur certaines juments au haras ayant une certaine idée sur le cheval à conserver je renonce - en plus de la situation où nous n'avons pas plus chance ou de patience pour cette jument. Peut-être que je suis d’après la croyance populaire qui de l'élevage au sein de grand troupeau ne peut pas avoir de sentiments sinon il plongerait avec le nombre de ses propres race chevaline. J'ai déjà vu une telle situation - avec le Haras d’état de Kurozwęki finalement privatisée en 1991 et c'est pourquoi tous les chevaux vendus à l'étranger que je considère comme étant vendu deux fois plus qu'il disparaît du marché polonais. Le Haras de Michalow vend entre 80 et 100 chevaux par an. Seulement l'an dernier nous avons vendu seulement 70 en raison du résultat 2008 des ventes et qui nous permet de construire sur le plan financier, mais tout doit être planifié de toute façon. Vendre les filles de nos poulinières toujours laisser le meilleur au haras bien sûr, mais ce n'est pas toujours vrai que la jument montrer aura plus de succès est bien meilleur dans un autre élevage- il arrive très souvent dans l'élevage que les juments de Michalow sont devenues un réel succès comme poulinières - notre E-line jument fondation Emigracja est un parfait exemple. Heureusement, nous avons réussi à lui faire Polish National Reserve Champion Mare deux fois de suite, mais il ressemblait plus à force de volonté. Elle était une jument typique MICHALOW ainsi que sa mère - Emisja. Je ne me souviens même pas avoir vue une jument championne supérieure étant un barrage de poulain encore mieux.

 TA: En effet, il est difficile d'imaginer que PIANISSIMA donnerait naissance à un poulain même plus jolie qu'elle ...

 Jerzy Bialobok: Eh bien PIANISSIMA est un cas particulier. Cela me rappelle une histoire drôle. Au début de '90- nous avons également eu une jument à la forme si incroyable de la face en Michalow - appelé Estarda (Gadir - Estancja). Malheureusement elle est décédée en raison de problèmes de santé. Quand elle était inquiète, elle ne pouvait presque pas respirer normalement et Marek Trela, qui à cette époque était plus vétérinaire qu’ éleveur, avait déclaré que cette jument est plus élevé et son type était tellement « kitsch » contre nature qu'il devient de ne pas être plus un « Arabian plus ». il est triste alors - nous allons attendre et vous aurez également un tels dilemme un jour. Parfois, il y a des créatures au dessus de toutes les normes.

 TA: Est-il donc plus important de laisser la jument championne au haras ou de vendre la suite de son succès et le moment le plus vendu - comme vous l'avez fait avec Kwestura? D'un point de vue, il serait sûrement tenté de lui donner autant de chances que possible de lui faire essayer avec des étalons différents - d'autre part, vous êtes responsable de la réussite financière de l'ensemble de l'exploitation - comment voulez-vous faire venir ensemble?

 Jerzy Bialobok: Kwestura nous a laissé son fils Kabsztad au haras, elle a également laissé une fille et petite-fille et peut-être le symptôme jument MICHALOW travaillera à ces deux. Je pense que la reproduction ne suit pas la règle selon laquelle une jument moyenne ne produira pas de poulain excellente. Je pense que dans l'élevage de chevaux ceux-là « MICHALOW » produiront le meilleur. Beaucoup de gens pensent que élever un champion pour un champion doit produire un champion superbe alors peut-être que ce n'est pas un SCOOP si je dis que l'élevage de chevaux  ne fonctionne pas comme ça et aujourd'hui nous ne pouvons pas avoir un confort de n'être qu'un éleveur. Dans le passé les fermes d'Etat ont reçu le plan de la reproduction de certains approuvé par le siège à Varsovie. Je me souviens encore des grandes querelles quand un gestionnaire de Haras voulu remplacer une jument de race unique qui sera de la même manière pour la 5ème fois. Ces temps sont révolus, et maintenant nous devons être responsables de ce que nous élevons. Comme le Haras d’ état, nous devons encore faire face à quelques juments faible en production de préserver et de poursuivre certaines lignées, mais je pense que les juments de cette catégorie en circulation comme Kwestura ou Fallada que je considère être une star des enchères de 2009 , ont déjà terminé leur carrière de reproduction dans Michalow et peut faire beaucoup ailleurs.

 TA: A l’avenir nn ce qui concerne votre plan et des idées - qui nous attend pour une grande vente des juments de Michalow provenant de race de champion?

 Jerzy Bialobok : Je ne crois pas que jusqu'à présent nous n'avions que Kwestura étant âgée de 13 ans et la prochaine est Fallada âgée de 14 ans. Je ne vois pas les autres ...

 TA: Mais il y avait quelques grandes étoiles à Michalow - Sélection de la vente aux enchères qui a rejoint la liste des ventes au dernier moment, après sa fermeture officielle ... - Druid (vendu pour 500 000 $) ou Wieża Wiatrów (220 000 $) pour ne citer que ces deux là?

 Jerzy Bialobok :  Druid n'était pas exactement l'offre dernière minute. Il a été une de mes idées, première commercialisation de ce genre à l'époque où nos courses à Varsovie allait traverser les moments difficiles et sur Wieża Wiatrów ...- nous avons eu à enregistrer le résultat de ventes, elle a également été le cadre de son père ( Ganges) une promotion, qui a abouti à un titre US National Reserve Champion après. Elle a également été "acharnée par les acheteurs" à ce moment où elle a remporté  le titre de pouliche Res champ National poland  un jour avant. Quoi qu'il en soit elle est aussi devenue après une poulinière précieuse pour son nouveau propriétaire, Al Stud Khalediah . Je ne pense pas que nous avons plus en quelque sorte  pour les ventes pour le moment.

 TA: il y a-t-il une planification par Michalow  avec ce genre de surprise comme Kwestura l'an dernier pour la venue des enchères 2009?

 Jerzy Bialobok:  Nous avons Fallada, tout le monde pense que j'ai l'intention de vendre Ekstern donc je ne le nie pas, mais je pense toujours que nous manquons de Bons étalons en Pologne pour le moment.

 TA: Alors Ekstern n'apparaîtra pas à la vente aux enchères?

 Jerzy Bialobok:  Non

 TA: Il ya aussi quelques commères qui à Michalow envisage de vendre  Ganges ...

 Jerzy Bialobok:  De plus ce n'est pas vrai, mais on peut dire que nous planifions ... - Je suis heureux de voir que Ganges est un bon père montant pour Janów Podlaski, encore mieux qu’ Ekstern. Il était aussi un bon producteur au départ pour Michalow avec quelques poulains excellent mais le travail est plus difficile pour lui ...

 TA: Est-il pas  le cheval de vente dans l’élevage de Michalow?

 Jerzy Bialobok :  Je pense qu'il ya beaucoup d'entre eux, y compris ceux des juments MICHALOW et je pense que Fallada sera la dernière fille de Monogramm laissant Michalow via la vente aux enchères.

 TA: Je vous souhaite une bonne vente en 2009.

 Jerzy Bialobok : Je vous remercie

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in english

          The Power of Success: Michalow Stud

 

Located in the heart of Poland the small village of Michałów is a seat of the second – considering the time of establishment and the number of horses – Polish Arabian horse state stud. Contrary to Janów Podlaski – with its power and noble of tradition and 200 years of history of breeding, Michałów established in 1953 is a farm organized and runned in kind of a different and more modern way. Having one of the herds most consolidated in type all around the world Michałów stud with its famous grey broodmare band is worldwide known master of not only breeding of champions but also of masterfully planned marketing that results in several dozens of horses being sold annually – some of them achieving a giant amounts of money – just like the mare Kwestura – sold for 1 125 000 Euro during the last Pride of Poland sale. About the mysteries of Michałów stud’ success and its plans for the near future tells Jerzy Białobok – the current director working at the stud since over 30 years now, also well known as ECAHO A-list international judge:

 

 

MICHALOW STUD : HOME at Mr JERZY BIALOBOK

 

Tutto Arabi: Michałów as the only state stud of Poland manages to exist only with its own income (besides of Arabian horses and horse breeding center having also a herd of appaloosas, shetland ponies and dairy cows) and is gaining excellent results, also financial ones. At the moment, after 32 years of your stay as its director Michałów stud is winning the prizes for best Polish state farm almost every year. What is the definition of this economical success of Michałów stud while the other Polish state farms are in much more difficult condition?

Jerzy Białobok: Most of the success of Michałów stud is thanks to its creator and first director - Ignacy Jaworowski, who was a great breeder but certainly a rolling stone one. I remember when I came to Michałów it was during unhappy communism times but director Jaworowski was already lucky breeding the horses of type he desired. First of all he considered Arabian horse as a horse showing a certain type and features of selection. In his opinion Arabian horses should be beautiful and he could never accept the rules proposed by well known Polish hipologist – dr Skorkowski who divided Arabian sires into different types strictly and mostly by coat color. Director Jaworowski, just like most of breeders, thought that mating different bloods can result with outstanding effect. Moreover he was travelling to Egypt very often at that time and what he found was that Middle Eastern people also didn’t follow the Quoranic rules crossing only bays with bays and greys with greys. During the trips to Egypt he was asking the local breeders if the horses presented had any pedigrees and it often happened that he heard the reply “the horse has no pedigree but can have if you wish”. As a breeder who used to know few different languages and was very familiar to the people around Ignacy Jaworowski had a chance to prove he was right. Later in the years it was easier to bring outside sires to outcross the bloodlines by importing Tersk Stud stallions and in fact Negatiw, Nabor and Comet were the first beautiful ones to be used in Poland that fit the breeding vision of Michałów stud. For sure he preferred grey mares and the grey band of Michałów broodmares was well known already at that time.

TA: Director Jaworowski went his times ahead?

JB: He certainly did but he also liked to study and read foreign magazines. It was not so common to travel to the US as often as nowadays but even looking through Arabian Horse World magazine he used to study photographs that for a breeder are one of the first subjective look on a horse. He saw that US breeders prefer some different type of Arabian horse. I think that Michałów stud at those times was in a better situation than Janów Podlaski because, as soon as I remember, 30 years ago Michałów was still chasing Janów’s achievements and it’s always easier to chase than to be chased. When I was beginning my work at Michałów 32 years ago I realized that our horses that we were to compete at the show ring with are quite comparable with Janow’ ones but we had to deal with its history and tradition. What was the best way to deal? – Only by some additional work that could have been done. As it was not common to condition the horses before the shows in Poland at that time, doing even small we could have achieved quite a lot. I remember the first breakthrough at the auction – the sale of Carawella (Negatiw – Czatanoga) in 1977 that won the buyers hearts with her good frames, outstanding movements in the arena, perfect stand-up and her beautiful dapple grey coat was her nice advantage too. American bidders went crazy. The average price paid for a horse at the sale was $20-30 000 at that time. She was sold for $153 000. Of course when I was beginning my adventure with Michałów stud no one was expecting a genius breeding ideas from me, I decided to focus on horse training and conditioning. It all began with my travel to Paris show in 1978 and gathering the team of reliable people to work with. Of course we did watch the foreign trainers but we also worked on our own methods of schooling horses. Discussing the things with Tadeusz Wojtal who established the training program at Michałów stud we started the first conditioning, lounging and show training finding some more great people like Krystyna Podlejska, Marek Bajor and Mariusz Liśkiewicz. Unfortunately some of the team members just when they became good enough has left the stud going abroad – because of the difficult Polish economy conditions at that time.

TA: How does Michałów stud – the state farm responsible for preserving the certain bloodlines combine this duty with aggressive western market and Polish one becoming more demanding - that still need increasingly sophisticated show horses and when you need to compete against the big number of horses brought from outside Europe?

JB: It is hard indeed. We stay on the top somehow what is hard as it’s easier to climb the top that to keep staying there. I think that I’m trying to find a golden merit between using fashionable stallions and those homebred and I’m very glad that Kabsztad (Poganin – Kwestura) – 2008 Polish National Champion Colt, European Reserve and 2009 Sharjah International Champion Colt and Al Khalediah Reserve is sired by Polish-bred Poganin and this is also a continuation of Laheeb – the Egyptian line use in Poland. Although Kabsztad was born in Michałów thanks to co-operation with Janów stud and I personally think it’s a pity that there is such a run for foreign stallions amongst Polish private breeders however I understand their way of thinking. It was one of the reasons that made me quitting the idea of selling Ekstern (Monogramm – Ernestyna) despite the high offers on him, as I recognize Ekstern as the best producing sire in Poland nowadays. Maybe his progeny is not perfect but I think that this stallion should stay in Poland by now and he can produce his worthy successor. Maybe we can consider selling him afterwards as we did with Emigrant (Ararat – Emigrantka) who left his son – Gaspar (out of Gaskonia). Gaspar is a sire comparable with his father and his daughters are sometimes even better especially as Emigrant progeny is late maturing and the females become really high class mares being 5 or 6. I think that Gaspar will be this kind of a sire too.

TA: Ekstern has no such successor in Poland so far?

JB: Such male successor has to be proven in breeding that means that he should sire a good progeny. His main progenitor at the moment – Esparto is still young as a sire. I’m looking forward for some Ekstern foals born at Janów stud moreover that they are not carrying some faults of their sire – as the neck being too short sometimes but I think that there should be some interesting progeny of Ekstern left at Janów Podlaski. Still many young stallions are quite difficult as a sires – mentioning Poganin as an example again – he is quite hard to be bred to as his progeny can be both excellent and not satisfying but I think we should keep trying these young sires – this is what Michałów stud does considering bloodline preserving. Of course every breeder dreams of such sire as Gazal Al Shaqab or Laheeb that appeared just for one season in Michałów and did a great job. Laheeb was chosen by us as a yearling already, then we watched him as a two years old and he was not a spectacular Egyptian type of a horse at that moment but he fascinated us with his big frames and lack of serious leg faults, having nice head and neck, being elegant – a type of Egyptian stallion that one wish to use from the first sight. Of course the sires like Monogramm are once of a life time ones. I was trying hard to bring Monogramm back in Michałów where he could find a good retirement and eventually breed some mares in a natural way as we didn’t succeed with his fresh and frozen semen anymore. Moreover that Monogramm as a sire practically does not exist on American market despite the fact that his Michałów-bred daughters like Kwestura, Zagrobla or the last one – 2009 Arabian Breeders World Cup Reserve Champion – Embra gained the highest titles in the US. But still it didn’t result in his use in the States; they even say he was not the best producer over there.

TA: Looking at Polish Arabian horses results on shows during last couple of years it’s easy to notice that the best achievements are gained by the progeny of Polish mares - but sired by foreign stallions. It can be seen in Polish private breeding that looks for foreign sires very much last time but also in the state studs being more conservative so far. Is the opinion that the best product one may get out of Polish mares but by foreign sires true?

JB: Statistics say it’s true but the last such successful get was the one sired by Monogramm who was not really strange for Polish breeding in his pedigree. Looking into the past the most successful Polish bred horses were those sired by Palas that was strange indeed and sired outstanding group of mares, Negatiw and Nabor – the sire of our first European champion mare in 1973 – Estebna. It also concerned the mares by Probat. I remember his daughters at the shows – when 4 or 5 mares placed on the top places of their classes in a row were all sired by Probat. Only the progeny of Monogramm has ever repeated such achievements. Laheeb or Gazal Al Shaqab’ sired progeny was also very successful so this contention is hard to deny indeed. Maybe Polish stallions are somehow too close to our mares though I cannot explain this genetically or logically. Eukaliptus can be a kind of denial. His best progeny was probably produced out of grey saklavi mares of Michałów stud while at Janów his get was bewitching as youngsters but later in the age they didn’t catch my eye so much but maybe I used to have some different expectations for a type of Eukaliptus horses. A kind of denial against the theory of foreign stallions produce was also Comet that sired outstanding group of mares, also Bandos at Janów… - I remember the breeding overview at Janów when they brought 16 mature Bandos daughters out from the barns for presentation, they were all eye catching in type, dryness, quality, maybe not every head was such refined, some of them a bit long but those mares were of excellent class. Anyway the decision is more after foreign sires as Polish such successful ones were Eukaliptus, Bandos, Probat, Comet – so the past ones only. Although, besides Palas, those foreign successful in Poland were mostly of Polish origins anyway.

TA: Michałów stud has used such fashionable sires as Enzo or QR Marc last season. Is it a sign that you are following the common fashion or there were some particular reasons for what you have chosen these sires for Michałów stud?

JB: Frankly speaking, because Gazal Al Shaqab is not so easily available we have been looking for some replacement and this is why we choose QR Marc that is for sure very pretty himself considering the type, his sire line is very good and he has no feature that I particularly don’t like at Marwan al Shaqab and some of his get – the long part of face, while I admired his sires’ - Gazal Al Shaqab head very much. But there is no perfect horse in this world. I was a bit afraid of the chestnut color and white markings of Enzo but I liked him when he was competing at the same time as Ganges and Kwestura in the US couple of years ago. I was less satisfied with him later on but this is a kind of dilemma every breeder has to face and would never do until he tries and sometimes we have to a stallion that doesn’t satisfy us in total. 

TA: Marek Trela – the director of Janów Podlaski stud in his latest interview for Tutto Arabi told about his sentiment to the old desert lines that he would be enthusiastic to introduce into Polish breeding again. He explained this was a reason for use Hlayyil Ramadan at Janów Podlaski recently. Which of the stallions never used in Poland before would you choose for Michałów Stud?

JB: I haven’t found the one that would attract me that much so far but judging few times at the Middle East mostly in Saudi Arabia I was impressed by so called domestic horses. Some of them remind me of those old pictures of our first Arabian horses imported from the desert. There is something special in the dryness of tissue and noble of those horses despite the heads being quite ordinary sometimes but as one can see through the past years – it’s the easiest and on the other hand - the hardest to change the shape of horse’s head. For sure desert bred horses are of very good quality and somehow they also attracted the first importers coming all the way from Europe to acquire original Arabian horse. I can compare it to the cabaret dancers or women from the mid war times at all and the women from the magazine covers or miss competitions nowadays – they are also of certainly different type and it shows that peoples taste changes in time. Although I don’t approve the idea of importing a strange pedigree mares to Poland because I think we should base on our own bloodstock improving it with different stallions but it would be tempting for me to import a few domestic mares to Poland even if they could never be entered to Polish Arabian Stud Book. It would be just so called an art for an art but if I have the stud farm being paid from my own pocket I would import such mares as I think it could have some interesting results in breeding.

TA: So can we expect such kind of stallion in Michałów – not domestic but representing some desert or Egyptian bloodlines?

JB: Yes I think so, moreover that we could have seen some positive effects of introducing such stallions – as Palas (Aswan – Panel) in Poland. I also think that his paternal half-brother Magnit (Aswan – Magnolia) was removed from the breeding program too early and sold too quickly – he was always given a second sort of mares after Palas. I liked his full brother Marsianin very much – he was certainly prettier and sired even better progeny. After our positive results with Laheeb I think I would like to find a stallion similar to him – but not a kind of porcelain-made toy if you know what I mean, looking as a porcelain statue as I don’t like this type of a horse however when I judge these horses it’s hard to punish them for anything - they usually also move very well in the ring although sometimes the power is not anymore enough for championship competitions…

TA: Few words about 2009 crop of foals at Michałów stud – with the progeny of which stallion are you satisfied the most at the moment?

JB: I think with Laheeb get the most, for sure with Ekstern and QR Marc who surprised me positively however the job was quite easy as he got some of the best broodmares but also some with less typey heads and he did well. These are very young foals still so they will change a lot. The progeny of our home bred Eryks (Gazal Al Shaqab – Emmona) was a very nice surprise to me as well – unfortunately they are mostly colts but nice and of very good quality.

TA: And your favorite 2009 foal is….?

JB: I don’t like to mention my favorites as usually something bad happens to them afterwards, moreover that the summer pasture time is coming soon – I don’t know if all the Arabian horse breeders are superstitious but I am sometimes… 

TA: What does the breeder and manager of the farm feel watching his mare being sold for over 1 million Euro?

JB: I think that the decisions what to sell and what to keep are very difficult at all and I always try to wait for a perfect moment to sell an outstanding horse. Of course every breeder has some not for sale horses in his mind - as we did have our E-line foundation mare Emigracja (Palas – Emisja) and her daughters – Emigrantka or Emanacja (both by Eukaliptus) – they are just too valuable though at Michałów barns there are some other horses more successful in the show rings. We sold one of them – Wilejka (El Paso – Warmia) - to a different climate zone – just to save her life. On the other hand there are some horses which can successfully promote our breeding with foreign owners. Somehow I came to a conclusion that we have got all we could out from Kwestura – considering our breeding concept and this was the last moment to offer her. This is why we entered her for 2007 World Championships in Paris. She avoided it a year before when she was already in Paris, being in excellent disposition but just before the show she sprained her leg in the stall and got lame – sometimes every cloud has a silver lining and after her performance in 2007 I got sure that the time for sale has come. For sure the result of her son Kabsztad winning the champion title at 2008 Białka Junior Spring Show helped in making this decision and so I think that the moment was optimal. I’m glad that Kwestura found her new home at sh. Ammar Bin Humaid Al Nuaimi farm of Ajman – and I think Kwestura can still do a lot in the ring with this stud which is very much focused on shows.

TA: Have you been planning this sale for a long time or it was just a last moment idea to put her on the sales list?

JB: I reckoned with her sale, I knew that her time is coming and this competition at 2007 World Championships made me sure about that. Frankly speaking, from those two Monogramm daughters – Kwestura and Fallada I thought more about Fallada at that time but with Kwestura winning in Paris it was a better „buyer catching” moment and so the mares changed their order on the sales list. I think that Kwestura was next to last high quality Monogramm daughter to be offered by Michałów stud and I think our stud not for the first time was this power running the whole auction thanks to the sales price of Kwestura and few other mares sold over 200 000 or 300 000 Euro. The horse that brings all the auction up is a good advantage of the event however it brings me a headache rather than satisfaction – an important part of Michałów stud history was related with Kwestura and for sure it was a pity to sell her but I realize that we have to keep building our market for horses and attract it with something new still otherwise this market will die or become a weak one. It’s the same as with our conclusion about expanding into the US market years ago – this American market is not the best sales partner itself at the moment that can easily be seen at the auction results since last three years but this market is being strongly penetrated by Middle Eastern clients who buy most of their horses from the States – together with Southern America from where the horses usually goes to the US show rings first. I think that the idea of Michałów horses march into American show rings for many years until now has resulted in quite high level of Janów Podlaski auction.

TA: Are you afraid of the global crisis influence into the results of 2009 auction at Janów Podlaski? Did this crisis influence the sales list or the minimum prices expected?

JB: I think that the group of horses I tried to select is not bad, over the average. I thought that after such successful sale last year I will finally have a peace of mind and will indulge a bit but the time that neither we nor the bankers expected has come – the price of Euro has risen up so much and everything was turned upside down. The global crisis is not so visible in Poland but it is in the US, having a different financial system. For me this crisis has symptoms of some artifice, some control and it’s hard to tell if and how it would influence into this year auction – in Europe the global crisis exists mostly in big industries with big US investments – such like car or airplane ones but not really in small business. We never know how the sale will go on and sometimes - in the effect of good promotion of our horses – there is some new mysterious client from Indonesia appearing and buying most of the horses offered. I can be glad that this spring all the rest of the horses sold during the last two years have left the stud so it means we managed the crisis to head off. I think that this year we have some more concerns but Arabian horse market is unpredictable and this is why it’s so difficult as well. Of course making some preparations we can try to help for the result but we can never foresee it. I think that the group of Michałów horses is very good and there is a lot to fight for a client with.

TA: Looking through this sales list of 2009 Pride of Poland one can have an impression that the average age of the horses offered has gone down and there are not so many show stars but more young broodmares with very fashionable pedigrees but unknown from the show scene… - why?

JB: As a big state stud we have a problem with showing as many as 20 or 30 good horses. There are always better and worse in this group and the better ones have to be selected for show training. Of course we could make a show career to the rest of mares too but we should then open a „travelling circus” – beginning the competition from Wels or Italian shows but we would also need a second team to work and travel with the horses – while the first team could prepare the auction horses. Of course it is possible and I think that if this crisis would come into our reality it would force us to do it.  

TA: And how, in such a big state stud as Michałów one the process of sale horses’ selection is organized?

JB: The selection starts soon after the previous sale and clarifies during daily morning inspections in the barns. I have to persuade myself - and as director Jaworowski taught me – we make the decisions in the group. Of course the chief manager has to make the final one but if one of our breeding managers – Urszula Białobok or Magda Helak insist on leaving some mare at stud having their certain ideas about the horse I give up - besides the situation when we have no more luck or patience for this mare. Maybe I’m after not popular belief that the breeding within large herd cannot follow sentiments otherwise it will swamp with the number of its own bloodstock. I already saw such situation – with Kurozwęki state stud finally privatized in 1991 and this is why every horse sold abroad I consider as being sold twice as it disappears from the Polish market. Michałów stud sells between 80 and 100 horses annually. Only last year we sold just 70 because of the 2008 sale result that built us up financially but everything has to be planned anyway. Selling the daughters of our broodmares always leave the better one at stud of course but it’s not always true that the more successful show mare is better a better one in the barn – it happens very often in breeding that the mousey mares became really successful as broodmares – our E-line foundation mare Emigracja is a perfect example. Luckily we succeed to make her Polish National Reserve Champion Mare twice in a row but it was more like will power. She was a typical mousey mare as well as her dam – Emisja. I even don’t remember any top champion mare being a dam of even better foal.

TA: Indeed it’s hard to imagine that Pianissima would give birth to even prettier foal than she is…

JB: Well Pianissima is a special case. It reminds me of a funny story. In early ’90-ties we also had a mare with such incredible shape of face in Michałów – called Estarda (Gadir – Estancja). Unfortunately she passed away due to health problems. When she got anxious she almost couldn’t breath normally and Marek Trela, who at that time was more veterinarian than a breeder, said that this mare is over bred and her type was so campy unnatural that it becomes to be not Arabian one anymore. I sad then – let’s wait and you will also have such dilemma one day. Sometimes there are a creatures being over any standards.  

TA: So is it more important to leave the champion mare at stud or sell her following her success and the best selling moment – just like you did with Kwestura? From one point of view it would surely be tempting to give her as many chances as possible to try her with different stallions – on the other hand, you are responsible for financial success of the whole farm – how do you make it come together?

JB: Kwestura left her son Kabsztad at stud, she also left a daughter and granddaughter and maybe the mousey mare symptom will work at those two. I think that breeding it not following the rule that an average mare will not produce excellent foal. I think that in horse breeding those mousey ones produce the best. Many people think that champion bred to a champion should produce a superb champion so maybe it’s not a media claim if I say that horse breeding it not working like this and nowadays we cannot have a comfort of being only a breeders. In the past times the state farms were given the certain approved breeding plan from the headquarters in Warsaw. I still remember big wrangles when a stud manager wanted to replace one single mare to be bred the same way for the 5th time. These times are past and now we have to be responsible for what we breed. As the state stud we still deal with some weak producing mares to preserve and continue some bloodlines but I think that such outstanding mares as Kwestura or Fallada which I consider to be a star of 2009 auction, have already finished their breeding careers in Michałów and can do a lot somewhere else.

TA: Regarding your plan and ideas – can we look forward for a big sale of Michałów-bred champion mares in the future?

JB: I don’t think so as until now we only had Kwestura being 13 years old and the next one is Fallada, 14 years old. I don’t see any further ones…

TA: But there were some big Michałów-bred stars of the auction who joined the sales list in the last moment, after its official closing… - Druid (sold for $500 000) or Wieża Wiatrów ($220 000) just to mention those two?

JB: Druid was not exactly the last moment offer. It was one of my first marketing ideas of that kind in the times when our racecourse in Warsaw was going through the hard times and about Wieża Wiatrów...- we had to save the sale result, she was also the part of her sire’s (Ganges) promotion, that resulted in US National Reserve Champion title afterwards. She was also a “buyer catcher” at that moment when she won Polish National Reserve Champion Filly title a day before. Anyway she also became a valuable broodmare for her new owner, al Khalediah Stables afterwards. I don’t think we will have more such kind of sales for the moment.

TA: Is Michałów planning such kind of surprise as Kwestura last year for the coming 2009 auction?

JB: We have Fallada, everybody thinks that I plan to sell Ekstern so I don’t deny it but I still think we lack good sires in Poland for the moment. 

TA: So Ekstern will not appear at the auction ring?

JB: No.

TA: There are also some gossips that Michałów is planning to sell Ganges...

JB: Also this is not true but one can say we plan… - I’m glad seeing Ganges as a good sire for Janów Podlaski stud, even better than Ekstern. He was also a good producer at Michałów siring few excellent foals but here the job is harder for him…

TA: Is there a not for sale horse in Michałów barns?

JB: I think there are many of them, including those mousey mares and I think Fallada will be the last Monogramm daughter leaving Michałów via the auction.

TA: I wish you a good sale in 2009.

JB: Thank you.

End

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Author: Monika Luft | 2008-12-05 | Print  
 
 
Director of Michałów State Stud, JERZY BIAŁOBOK, has been linked to Michałów since the beginning of his professional career. He has gone through all levels of breeding work and has also been a presenter (he showed Penitent, among others). In 2007 he celebrated the 30th anniversary of his professional career and at the same time of his work at the stud, which in turn is celebrating its 55th anniversary. An international judge and unquestionable authority among the world of Arabian horse breeders in Poland and worldwide. His name is synonymous with the remarkable success of Polish breeding.

Monika Luft: Do you sometimes happen to make mistakes? Regret that you sold this or that horse?

 
Jerzy Białobok:
To make mistakes is part of human nature and I suppose I don’t diverge much from the standard norm... Breeding in general is a history of mistakes and some successes. There is no path to success without errors. And sometimes I do regret the horses! For example due to the sentiment I hold for them. I had a huge sentiment towards Kwestura and I still regret selling her. On the other hand I knew very well that her time had come. And that this time is today and not tomorrow. In our history we had horses whose time had come and it was not used. It doesn’t come again – people who were interested change their minds, find other horses... So on one hand I feel great sorrow, but on the other we cannot part only with horses of a lesser category – sometimes you have to take something off this pyramid and part with a Kwestura or an Emigrant.

M.L.: When a foal is born do you already know: this one will be a show horse and this one will be sold?

J.B.: If I’d say so it would attest to huge conceit or even arrogance, and I am a stranger to both. Although it is also true that in the first 10 hours after birth you can tell whether it will be a good, promising foal and whether the sire fulfilled our expectations. When the foal stands up, you can assess his proportions. After that the foals become furry like kittens, especially when it is cold. It is then hard to evaluate the outline of the head, though the length of the hair has no affect on the length of the neck.

M.L.: Do you sometimes experience jealousy? It’s a pity that it wasn’t me who thought of such a mating... A pity that I didn’t appreciate this or that stallion...

 
J.B.:
Two sisters bred to the same stallion produce completely different foals, so sometimes you can come up with the same idea and have a totally different effect. It just makes me happy that a good foal has been born and I ask myself what makes him so good, what had clicked so well in the second, third or fourth generation. I wonder if I can use the same combination at my stud. No, I wouldn’t call it jealousy. Rather happiness that we will be able to watch that foal later at the shows. The shows give the best possibility to evaluate and observe.

M.L.: If you had absolute freedom of choice, unrestricted, which stallion would you bring to Michałów?

J.B.: The shows convince me more and more that there is a total void in the case of stallions. There are no dream stallions. I have just scanned an article in the ARABY magazine about Nabor and Negatiw... When you look at old photographs of epochal stallions like Witraż, Ofir, Wielki Szlem, Nabor, you have an impression that we would not use them nowadays. And if we went with them to a championship we could suffer a great disappointment. So a lot has changed... But it was those stallions which gave exquisite daughters who were very successful, when 30 years ago we began comparing ourselves with the rest of Europe. The first championship, where Estebna was the winner, in 1973 in Germany, was won by Nabor daughters! Without a doubt the product of these not especially handsome stallions was superb.

I personally had an inclination toward three stallion comebacks, but I was hindered by women... I wanted to return to Penitent, because I believed that among the stallions of this line he was the best – for example he gave us Kawalkada. I believed that this horse suited the Michałów mares very well. Mrs. Fischer received this horse as a birthday present from her husband and practically after his first showing he was withdrawn from an active participation in the Arabian horse world. Still we tried to bring him here, but Mrs. Fischer stated that the horse is a member of the family and that she does not want to lend him. The second time we also met with a refusal. It was the same with Monogramm, who I wanted to bring to Poland twice, something I spoke about with both Mrs. Bishops – mother and daughter. Please note that Monogramm’s progeny is practically not present in the US! There are about 3 thousand horses in the Scottsdale show catalogue – and only rarely do we find any Monogramm descendants. He had quite a few problems with reproducing, but we wanted to bring him here for a very good retirement, even without any guarantee for success. His semen was poor, but we were hoping that there would be a chance of success. It’s a pity that this did not come to be, because I think that he would still do great service for Polish breeding.

 
And third was Menes. We saw this stallion together with Mrs. Zawadzka long ago, when the company of Animex still existed. He appealed to us very much, him and his first-bred mares (the same dam line as Monogramm), but Sasza Ponomariew of Tersk strongly resisted, claiming that he needs the stallion at home. He probably already had an offer from the US – seemingly for 3 million dollars – and surely this tremendous sum was the reason for the refusal and not (as he said) “you will cheat us again, just as with Nabor and Negatiw.” Later it turned out that God is just, only works in his own time, and made it up to us with the lease of Tallin and Pesennik, which was arranged by Director Jaworowski and Mr. Budny. Pesennik was chosen because of his racing career, but if not for Pesennik there would be no Kwestura! We in turn sent them (among others) Gwizd (by Probat) and the much marked chestnut Harfiarz, who had very poor semen. But Sasza claimed that it is definitely not true about the poor semen, but that once again we want to cheat him. In order to not start a diplomatic conflict we were delegated to again collect the semen. The results were similar, but they took him anyway, bred 20 mares, out of which 2 or 3 conceived and the story was that we apparently cheated them once again...

If we could turn back the hands of time, then Eukaliptus gave splendid results. On the other hand Michałów never had any sentiment for Bandos. I remember the inspection in Janów, where there were 16 Bandos’ daughters among the 1st category of mares! While in Michałów he was not successful at all.

A dream stallion...? I still dream that I will be able to find a stallion with the positive traits of Monogramm and Gazal. And on top of that he would be grey. I am still searching. Despite the sporadic usage of Egyptian stallions I believe that we should continue the Polish lines, especially male, that would be pure to the some degree. Though it is difficult, because the competition standards have been raised extremely high. And not all of our stallions (though they give a lot of positive traits when it comes to conformation and length of neck) pass on the porcelain-like finesse head, so desired by the judges today. In turn our horses collect high marks for the body, legs and movement.

M.L.: Are the rumors about the selling of Ekstern true?

 
J.B.:
Everyone seems to think so... The decision was already made two years ago, but after long consideration and discussion with my colleagues I decided that it was a bit too early. We, just like Europe, suffer a lack of stallions. In my opinion, because there is a limited number of recipients, stallions should be sold at the time of the auction, but in the form of negotiating. That is much safer, because a high quality stallion should not go off the arena unsold. That was the case with the selling of El Paso – at the time of the auction, but beside it. The negotiations with Armand Hammer were brief. Everyone thought that he would laugh at the price – while he accepted it in a blink of an eye! The horse was already proven in Poland and he did not cover a lot after his return from the US because he really had nothing more to do. Such stallions should be sold in the form of negotiations. All veterinary documents are also available to the buyer (sometimes older stallions can have a lower fertility). There is no need to spread this if the buyer knows what he’s in for.

M.L.: So Ekstern will not be Lot A of this year’s jubilee auction?

J.B.: I don’t think so. Besides, the time has come to cool the atmosphere around the auction and the atmosphere of the auction itself. The current market crisis also affects this. Since the time of the Americans’ large purchases, who raised the price standard extremely high (we all remember Palestyna or Elandra), there were no more of such buys. Since the last two years’ that market is blocked. It began moving towards the Middle East and Belgium. Of course Mrs. Watts also – if she wants to buy something – is very effective. But there can always appear another person, say from Bali... We don’t know why comets fall. Sometimes something unexpected happens – someone, who actively raises the level of the auction – two years ago it was for example Dubai.

M.L.: Is breeding today simply a matter of large amounts of money? You will always get something from buying breedings to the most expensive, trendiest stallions.

 
J.B.:
No, I think that most important still is the concept and attitude towards breeding itself: we have to ask ourselves what exactly do we want to achieve? Sometimes from very mediocre mares we can get very good foals. The point is to choose the right stallion. Of course there was a moment when many people in Poland believed that breeding and selling of Arabian horses will quickly make them wealthy. The first private purchases were made in foreign currency (for example by Stanisław Duda, who had the first large private stud near Staszów). As we know today, it wasn’t that simple. Many studs rather quickly – and some quite painfully – ended their existence. However it is true that the breeding of Arabian horses on a larger scale (about 10 broodmares) is a hobby for the wealthy, because it is expensive – the keeping of the horses, finding the right stallions and participation in shows. Though I believe that it all depends on the goals which are set. It can be done purely for pleasure. I like the view presented by Professor Strumiłło: he draws colossal pleasure from his breeding! Due to organizational issues he always leases a stallion, doesn’t bring in semen to his stud and yet he has managed to breed some rather decent foals. He is deeply affected by the performances of his graduates. He has made himself comfortable in this breeding and feels no discomfort just because he is not using the most trendiest stallions of the moment. Of course there are people whose immodesty pushes them to breed a champion in a short time. They think that they deserve it and that all those adversities, like judges’ verdicts, horse injuries or diseases, trainers and handlers which show their horses in a bad way, occur just to spite them. But just as there are fanatic dog breeders, which go crazy during shows, there are similar Arabian horse breeders. However please note that the chestnut yearling colt which beat Kabsztad, Ali Moniscione, was born in a small stud. I believe that small breedings, run with common sense and a concept, a goal, without any mumbo-jumbo in the likes of “he’s trendy, so I’ll breed to him” and a moment later breeding to some other fashionable sire, where there is a consistency in breeding, you can achieve successes quicker, than in a place where just money is spent.

M.L.: There is also a second side to the story. We all observe with horror the “multipliers” of horses, who cover poor mares with poor stallions. Quite often a terrible fate awaits the products of these matings...

J.B.: It is the aftermath of what we have done ourselves. Arabian horse breeding has become common. Earlier it was a forbidden fruit, though I have never found a rule which would prohibit the selling of Arabian horses to private persons. However, though unwritten, the rule inured. But there was also not many who were willing to do it – beside Zygmunt Braur and Anna Dębska, there was also Andrzej Ou and not many others. Some of them, when it became possible, began buying these horses and reproducing them, not thinking about what to do later with them. The breeding fees were not high and are not elevated even today, to encourage people to breed to fairly good stallions. Nevertheless there were a few moments when a lot of horses found their way onto the uncontrollable market, for example during the liquidation of Kurozwęki Stud. Later fell “Tarus”, as well as some private breedings (among them that of Mr. Redestowicz). The market had then saturated very much. And many breeders treated the covering of mares as compulsory – if you have a mare, you have to breed her. Meanwhile during the last couple of years the standard has been raised high very rapidly. When the Arabic countries were enrolled into ECAHO, the European shows saw entries of horses owned by the Middle East. And these owners, wanting to win, penetrated the markets of mainly the US and Brazil and bought out the best horses. Suddenly we had to clash with the best horses of the entire world’s crop! And so on one hand the quality of our breeding rapidly rose, but on the other this breeding became more and more common and accessible. And when something becomes common it loses on quality. And a question appears: where are we heading? The simplest criteria of selection is that unfortunately horses which are not good enough for breeding should be intended for slaughter. For many people such a conclusion comes as a complete shock. The market of recreational or sport horses will eventually absorb these horses, but it needs animals of 4 years of age. Until then the horses have to be kept and fed, so the cost of keeping will twice or three times exceed the value of the sold animal. In articles on the subject we find implied questions: Who is responsible for this? Who is guilty? Unfortunately the answer is: the breeders themselves! You can predict the behavior of the market to a certain degree. It is not capable of accepting so many horses! Even if we would designate 70 horses for the auction and another 70 for the Silent Sale, we would still sell the same amount as now. The absorptivity of the market is limited. But with many young people, who think that each born Arabian is a good horse because he has a pedigree up to a certain number of generations, the brutal truth simply doesn’t sink in. In the meantime they are pretty, ugly, sometimes totally bad. Some lines are simply less handsome or genetically weaker and are selected out of the breeding herd. Otherwise we would decrease the overall quality of the entire breeding. Because exceptional horses have to work for the weaker ones. 25 superb horses will not keep a herd of 100 mares. This balance of the market has unfortunately been disrupted and now we have an overproduction of Arabian horses. And true breeding holds no sentiments, they are only a disturbance during selection. It is up to the market whether it will accept a horse not incorporated into breeding as a performance horse or a slaughter horse.

I remember how this inner pressure was upset in Kurozwęki a couple of years before its liquidation. First it was 40 horses, in a moment 50, then 70... The horses began having worse and worse conditions and their quality greatly lessened, because too little of them were sold or eliminated. But I also remember the first inspection, when Białka received 20 selected horses from Kurozwęki (some went to Tarus Arabians) and suddenly our breaths were taken away... Because horses are perceived depending on the background. And suddenly Białka’s mares formed a background for the selected Kurozwęki herd – daughters of Eukaliptus, Banat... Everyone was thunderstruck, because it was just the peak of the iceberg. That’s why those decisions, which sometimes have to be made, are not completely understandable for people from the outside. If you want to save something larger, you have to sacrifice something else, and certainly constantly monitor the amount of owned animals.

M.L.: How do you imagine Polish breeding in 50 years’ time?

 
J.B.:
It is very hard to predict, especially in such a quickly changing environment. But horse breeding is connected to the economy. So I think that the herd will not grow ten times as large. We will not have 20 thousand broodmares. The economy will force people to a more strict selection. Perhaps there will be even 200 or 300 breeders, but there won’t be more than 2000, 4000 mares. Definitely the quality will rise. People who ride are convinced that Arabians are not very much suitable for recreational riding, because they are small, timid, have a short gallop... So it is not a horse which will flood the recreational market. It’s a bit like with dogs – people like large-framed horses. The smaller the person, the bigger the dog tussles at the end of the leash. And so a new market will not open – neither in Europe, nor in the Middle East, because they have their own production there. Mr. Tadeusz Rusiecki, who believed that he would sell horses to the Oman cavalry and who stayed a pleasant general, unfortunately failed in his calculations. The market for mediocre and medium horses, which are about 60-70% of the crop, will be small. Studs will fall. The largest rotation always takes place among the breeders. A breeder with a 20 year history is a rarity, even in the US! Except maybe for Raymond Mazzei there are no breeders with such a record. I don’t think that we will see studs which will grow to be 50-60 years old. It is highly unlikely, also because the next generation is rarely interested in the same thing in which the parents are. They usually want to do something different. And will state breeding still exist? I don’t know, it should survive in one form or the other, perhaps as one or two studs, maybe resembling the German system as regional studs.

M.L.: What meaning does tradition have? The memory about the actions of the predecessors? Their experiences? Or perhaps it is the same as with computers: today we have a completely different era and the knowledge of former generations doesn’t apply?

 
J.B.:
Horse breeding is a typical activity of experimenting and observing. No text book will tell you how to breed horses. Sure, there are guidelines about the necessary conditions so that the animals can live, reproduce and undergo training. But nowhere it is told how to breed good horses. Because this comes from the ability to observe and self-criticize. The best system, thought up already during the times of the Austro-Hungarian empire when studs were being established, is this: two people should take care of the breeding – the breeder and stud director. This system relied, and still relies, on continual discussions, the forcing of own ideas, but because no one is infallible it is worth to consult these concepts. Sometimes the seemingly poor idea turns out to be the best after a close analysis. I pleasantly reminisce the times of setting up the breeding plan when I was a trainee and later a breeding assistant. Director Jaworowski, Urszula and I sat down together around November. There were 4-5 of such meetings. Everyone was obliged to come with their own breeding plan. We discussed whether to choose this or that stallion, this one will be just for one season and we cannot repeat the mating, that one will be here for two seasons, we can wait... The plan was created in huge labor, everyone had doubts, no one was totally convinced, though usually this plan overlapped in about 80% and differed only in detail. Horse breeding is more of a group activity than an individual feat. The ideas that come to mind have to be later brought to life. And these results have to last. If there is no bond between the breeding and the stable, groom, then nothing will come out of it all. Because life throws at you unexpected events, diseases, which take away the most valuable individuals. Breeding does not pat us on the head, but teaches humility towards death and that we can suddenly lose that which we had the most hopes for... We lost the best daughter of Laheeb on the first day of letting out onto the pasture...

 
We have managed to develop this system, or rather continue it. This kind of work can be done by one person only in small studs. If there is more than 20 mares it is hard to have control over it. When you are working on the breeding plan you have to literally see both the mare and the stallion, have both images overlap each other. I must admit that it is easier for me to speak about this with people of an artistic view, because they see those things, it is easier for them to notice details. Someone who is not a thorough observer will never be a good breeder. This is not in the text books, you have to have the ability to remember the details of the horse, fragments of his conformation, to make the right decisions. Not everyone is suitable for this job. But these skills develop over the years. When I was younger I sometimes felt that nothing good will come out of a given mating, but it was difficult to explain why... Intuition. I miss the old inspections, which were closed. Today when everyone can participate in a stud inspection the breeders have become more discreet, they don’t want to speak of certain things publicly, which is understandable. But the discussion suffers. Those old inspections were better for the education of the young breeding staff. It’s just as among the actors: the young often learn from looking at the attempts of the old – without the viewers.

M.L.: How do you feel about the modern breeding problems? For example embryotransfer?

J.B.: I am in favor of embryotransfer. Two years ago at the Polish Arabian Horse Breeders’ Society annual meeting I suggested the possibility of starting this procedure in Poland, but two private breeders strongly opposed. There was one objection: this is impossible, because then Janów will produce 10 Pianissimas, Michałów – 10 El Doradas and we will never win with you! This was the key argument.

But we have already done this, I must admit, as a form of experiment, with a mare who was suffering from severe laminitis; she couldn’t walk. We were aware that the foal would not be registered, but we made an attempt. This was 15 years ago. Unfortunately the condition of the equipment was such that it did not work out. However I believe such a possibility should be available, but only in certain cases.

First of all, embryotransfers should be done only in cases justified by veterinary reasons, that is – when the health of the mare requires it. Second, you should not be allowed to get more than one or two embryos maximum from a mare per year. But the concept itself is justified. Also because pregnant mares cannot undergo show training – I consider working with highly pregnant mares to be unethical. Today our station at Michałów is prepared to do embryotransfers. Nevertheless a mass production of embryos is harmful from a breeding and marketing point of view, as it will decrease the prices of the Arabians from the highest level. Besides, I believe that embryotransfers on a larger scale will soon be unprofitable, to which the world crisis will contribute even further. Sure, in the Arabic countries, where costs are not an issue, they will probably continue doing it, but elsewhere, due to the high expenses, people will start turning away from this procedure. It’s the mystery that counts in breeding – very often the buyer purchases hope, a dream. With the mass production of embryos this mystery, which today acts as a magnet, will cease to be. It is also a distortion of breeding principles. In the breeding of thoroughbreds the high prices for the best horses are maintained because (among others) only natural covering is allowed. Money quickly earned is usually quickly lost.

M.L.: Another important issue is racing. You don’t support the closing of races for non-Polish horses. Why? Is it not against the interest of our breeding?

J.B.: In my opinion the closing of four of the most important races (plus a fifth, Sambor St., which is also to be closed) is absolutely sufficient from the point of view of Polish breeding interests. I look at it from a show perspective: closing because of our own, local interests is short-sighted. The high quality of the Polish show horses is the result of comparing ourselves to what is happening in Europe and the world. And the outcome? Polish horses are the only ones who can stand their ground when faced off with the sheikh’s horses. Besides, our race horses trained in the US (by Zenon Lipowicz, but not only) have achieved a very high level. The only thing which can be feared is the lack of competence of trainers and riders. If things are done correctly, systematically – you can achieve something. In our racing world other problems are an issue – for example it is not good when a person who trains his own horses also takes horses of other owners to train. That is a source of conflicts and later – problems.

M.L.: Do you not fear the incoming of French blood to Polish breeding?

J.B.: There are breeders who will not import French stallions or even French horses, also because a serious problem will soon arise: what to do with that horse after a completed racing career? No, I don’t think we are in danger of being flooded with French blood.

M.L.: Will Kabsztad go to the racetrack?

 
J.B.:
There was such an offer from one of the breeders: a lease and racing training, but I did not accept it. Yes, Kabsztad is to be ridden under saddle, because he could use some gymnastics. I am afraid of putting him in racing training. Perhaps I will lease him, so that he can continue his show career. (Kabsztad has been recently leased by Prince AbdulAziz bin Ahmed bin Abdulaziz Al Saud /Athba Stud / of Saudi Arabia and he will compete at the Al Khalediah show.)

M.L.: Is judging an important task for you?

J.B.: On one hand I like to judge, on the other – not so much. I treat it more as a form of getting to know the horses. The longer I judge, the faster it goes... If a class has 10 or 20 horses, you have to pick several best ones. That’s done when you judge the horses when they are walking together round on the arena. Later comes time for the details, for taking the horses “apart”. But what’s interesting is that often during the closer look, horses which seemed the best turn out to be less so. I always search for good traits and ask myself whether they outweigh the flaws. Is the leg, who is not correct all the way, should disqualify this horse so much? Some judges find pleasure in searching for flaws, I am not one of them.
 
Large shows are judged differently than small ones. At large shows you have to choose excellent horses from a group of very good ones. At small shows the best horses immediately stand out. Polish judges are popular in the world, because they are not involved in any system, are not bound by private interests. We sell horses differently, not through trainers and handlers (who today usually also act as agents), but in the form of an auction. This is generally known, so we do not have to undertake discussions with the agents, explaining to them that we are not interested in their offer.

M.L.: A new season begins. Are you preparing a surprise in terms of breeding sires?

J.B.:
Unfortunately I was not able to keep Laheeb longer, who left a group of distinguished mares. However he had large problems with the quality of the semen after his return from the US. We have about 20 breedings to QR Marc – we will see what they result in and whether he passes on those traits which I don’t like in him... There are also some plans regarding the lease of a stallion, but for now it is too early to speak about them. Each new season is a large unknown. And that’s the most interesting part of it all...

                           

 

 


TOM ARABIANS
info@tom-arabians.com
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