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courtesy of my friend JOHN SCHIEWE  


 Kaszmir (PL)  grey stallion, foaled 1929


breeder: Janów Podlaski Stud, PL 
sire line: Krzyżyk d.b. 1869, imp. 1876 Jarczowce (PL)
dam line: Milordka ~1810, b. Sławuta (PL)


I recently saw a posting and associated comments about the stallion Kaszmir grey 1929 (Farys II x Hebda by Hermit bred by Janow Podlaski. I felt that the discussion was a very important one and instead of tacking on a comment, I felt there was enough material to develop a larger post on my part. Basically some folks that I have respect for, were talking about some of the relative strengths and challenges faced when utilizing the blood of Kaszmir. If I was an attorney, looking to argue a case, I could probably see value in just about every observation made, but a general assessment of Kaszmir was not necessarily arrived at, due to having what I would call intriguing, but not complete bits of information as the starting point. One observation had to do with the citation of the expert Polish author Captain Rozwadowski, who stated that Kaszmir had conformational defects. Some contributors quite rightly pointed out that no horse is perfect and they would not necessarily castigate Kaszmir on just that general comment. As I recall someone else observed that the great horseman and author Roman Pankiewicz had cautionary comments to make about Kaszmir as well. I will explore the “negative” first as a base, but also state right now that I feel that Kaszmir made a very important contribution to Polish breeding. Perhaps as we see how the Poles and Russians used Kaszmir blood, often deftly, and how that approach was perpetuated by some American breeders, we can apply it to our modern breeding challenges.
Mr. Pankiewicz quoted Director Krzysztalowicz’s description of Kaszmir as follows: “… comparatively big, with a large head of good profile, dry but with a serious defect of too narrow and toed out limbs. He was too big and not of enough type by contemporary standards.” Of course Director Krzysztalowicz’s “contemporary” is not ours. Skipping the topic of type for the moment, currently, attaining size is almost a requisite and not a deficiency. Converting Kaszmir’s size from 153 centimeters comes out at just under 15.1 hands. One statement that Mr. Pankiewicz brings forward can definitely be confirmed: “Had it not been for the war (WW II), Kaszmir’s influence would have been stronger.” Ironically, Kaszmir’s home stud, Pelkinie, fared better than many Polish studs in terms of surviving that terrible time. Nonetheless the losses were still daunting. Taking into account Kaszmir daughters only, we can see that Gadila 1937, Gomiya 1937, Hagara 1938, Hawija 1938, Hirfa 1938, and Bohrel 1941 were all “lost”, their fate unknown, in 1945. Terpsychora 1937, Tecza II 1938, Cora Mekki 1939, Celna 1939, and Gracja 1939 were all taken to the Tersk Stud in 1939. Lituania 1938 was swept up in order to stock the German Super Stud at Hostau along with such Polish luminaries as *Witez II, *Lotnik, *Iwonka III and *Wierna. Judyta 1939 shows as having gone to Germany, but the year that this took place was not readily available in my sources. Finally, the Kaszmir daughter Hilla 1938 died in 1944. Thankfully, we can now turn our attention to some Kaszmir daughters that were active in post war Poland. I will start with five mares who, in my opinion, made wonderful contributions as the dams of first rate offspring. These mares were Kaszma 1939, Larissa 1941, Mordzana 1942, Munira 1942, and Alhambra 1943. Besides their splendid production records, these mares share a sad distinction. They were all eliminated from the Polish purebred breeding programs in 1958 according to Roman Pankiewicz. The Tom Arabian site states that this occurred in 1957 and names two studs as their destinations, Glogowka and Rymanowa. It seems likely that these were studs where part-bred breeding took place. If this type of mare had been eliminated 25 years later, then some wealthy buyers from Europe or America would probably have snapped them up for healthy and productive purebred use for another half decade. These mares were so summarily dealt with just prior to the time that Patricia Lindsay made the Western world aware of the high quality of the Polish Arabian being bred behind the Iron Curtain, sparking the rush to tap this wonderful resource.


 Kaszmir (PL)  grey stallion, foaled 1929


breeder: Janów Podlaski Stud, PL 
sire line: Krzyżyk d.b. 1869, imp. 1876 Jarczowce (PL)
dam line: Milordka ~1810, b. Sławuta (PL)


We have Director Krzysztalowicz’s objective note about the forelegs of Kaszmir. I would like to add my own observation and that is that, in my opinion, he had tied-in tendon. This is interesting because Director Krzysztalowicz stated that Kaszmir’s sire, Farys II: “… was a big horse marked by good bone.” I will now talk about Kaszmir’s greatest claim to fame. This is remarkable in that his legs were sound and hardy enough to carry him to virtually unparalleled success on the track. Kaszmir raced for three years. He participated in 18 races. He was victorious 17 times, with one second place! He was the Polish Derby winner as well as winning the prestigious Criterium three times! Nine other victories came in what the Poles designated as Classic races. Kaszmir’s dominance on the track was so dramatic as to prompt a cartoon of the time, wherein Kaszmir’s nearest competitors are specks in the distance. Just as the war limited the production records of Kaszmir offspring, so did it impact the potential race records of the
 first generation Kaszmir get




The only Kaszmir offspring to place in the Oaks, Derby or Criterium was the mare Jutrzenka 1944, who won the Oaks. Jutrzenka’s racing prowess did not keep her from being eliminated from Polish breeding in 1953. We still need to deal with another sobering opinion about the value of Kaszmir as we introduce the thread of Wielki Szlem to the discussion. Wielki Szlem was bred to a great number of Kaszmir daughters and the impact of those descendants is gigantic. Herewith Mr. Pankiewicz’s words referring to Wielki Szlem: “He was particularly prepotent for his correct conformation, even when bred to average mares. He also passed on his beauty to his progeny, therefore contributing to breeding. This proved especially useful after World War II when many of the remaining Polish mares were of questionable quality, for example the daughters of Kaszmir in Pelkinie. Had it not been for this stallion’s unusual upgrading skill most of this ‘breeding material’ would have been wasted. A range of his daughters, although out of poor mares, established prominent dam lines in Poland (this being due to the fact that their dams, although themselves poor, descended from extremely good, old Polish families).” Mr. Pankiewicz made similar comments on multiple occasions in various publications, so I won’t add any more examples.
The cross of Wielki Szlem on Kaszmir daughters gave us superior athletes in two endeavors; racing and saddle seat classes. The evidence is overwhelming to support this contention. I will start with racing. While the direct offspring of Kaszmir were not particularly successful on the track, no doubt partially attributable to war time vicissitudes, we can point to these glittering successes for Wielki Szlem offspring out of Kaszmir daughters: *Kochanas, winner of the Oaks - Don Lambro, winner of the Derby and twice second in the Criterium - Atszlemra, Bint Munira, *Almavivva all second in the Oaks - Mudir (later *El Mudir in the U.S.) second in the Criterium - Munirka, Montana, *Jawita all third in the Oaks - Damaszek third in the Criterium - *Cissa, Daszma both fourth in the Oaks - *Kasztel fourth in the Derby - finally Omar, Calderon both fourth in the Criterium! Of interest, at this time in Poland, the comparatively small size of Wielki Szlem, 147 cm. (or about 14.2 hands), did not prevent his extensive use as a head sire. We will return to the “action” narrative soon, but now I will turn my attention to the fates of some other Kaszmir daughters. Akra 1941 was eliminated in 1954 and Jaffa was eliminated in 1956. A slightly happier outcome can be discerned for the mare Dakaszma 1944. She was from Kaszmir’s last foal crop, thus Kaszmir had no post war progeny. Dakaszma was removed from breeding at the state studs, but was bought by the private breeder Wladyslaw Sadowski for his Stobno Stud. Her *Cedr daughter, Dzamila 1965, bred on tenuously for a number of years, with one tail female descendant, Dogryka, having been used in Italy comparatively recently. Dakaszma attained the venerated age of 31 years. Two of the mares lost in 1945 can provide interesting material. Hirfa’s Wielki Szlem daughter Mira was not listed among the Wielki Szlem standouts on the track as presented above, however, she could point to the distinction of being the dam of two Derby winners. They were Mir Said by Gabor and *Mirzaz by Nabor. Most Nabor (*Naborr in the U.S.) get were not known as particularly scintillating racers, so Mira deserves a lot of credit for this infusion of talent. Nonetheless, trust Mr. Pankiewicz to offer a particularly candid assessment of Mira: “She was small, ugly and big in the girth.”


Mira (PL)  bay mare, foaled 1942

(Wielki Szlem (PL) Hirfa (PL) by Kaszmir (PL)

breeder: W. Czartoryski, Pełkinie, PL 
sire line: Kuhailan Haifi d.b. 1923, b. Khalef el Aouad, imp. 1931 Gumniska (PL)
dam line: Gazella d.b. ~1840, b. Anazeh Sebaa (B), imp. 1845 Jarczowce (PL)



The “lost” Kaszmir daughter Gadilla is truly deserving of everlasting fame, since she was the dam of the Wielki Szlem daughter Gahdar . Gahdar in turn was the dam of Abu Afas who sired the immortal Comet! How do you top that? Some would put forth that Abu Afas was also the sire of the great race mare *Sabellina, who truly founded a dynasty with her strong performance qualities, expressed even after four and five generations. Hilla, the mare that died in 1944, was the dam of a Wielki Szlem son Mlech Pelkinski, who was used lightly at stud in Poland. He sired the mare Mufta who was the dam of *Muzulmanin, imported by Mr. and Mrs. Charles Doner to the United States. Important breeders like Dr. LaCroix, Denise Borg and Ed Tweed took notice of the conformation and beauty of *Muzulmanin as he was a Scottsdale winner. His quality led to many more Americans deciding to check out the horses being produced at the state studs in Poland. *Muzulmanin was an athlete as well, and with Gene LaCroix Jr. up, would go on to be a U.S. National Champion English Pleasure horse. Mlech Pelkinski was bred to Gahdar, thus a Kaszmir grandson to Kaszmir granddaughter, to produce Manilla. Manilla established a very strong family through her daughter Mitra, twice a Polish Reserve National Champion Mare. Mitra was by Celebes. Jaffa 1939, another of the eliminated Kaszmir daughters, had seven foals by Wielki Szlem. Five were colts, with one of them being Damaszek, who had secured a third in the Criterium as already noted. One of the daughters of the cross was Jerychonka, who was sold to Sweden where she had some success as a broodmare. The full sister to Jerychonka, *Jawita, is a particular favorite of mine. She was a very attractive mare, with a pleasing head, nice neck, superb balance and a tremendous trot. She was imported by Robert Aste, along with another Wielki Szlem daughter, *Arwilga, to the United States. Upon the passing of Mr. Aste, the two Wielki Szlem daughters were sold at auction for record prices to that point in time. A young lady, Betsy Quade, (later Mrs. John Burger) purchased both mares. One of her first moves was to breed *Jawita to *Mirzaz, who we already know, carried Kaszmir blood as well. *Jawita established a strong family for Ms. Quade. A subsequent cross employed by Ms. Quade came about when she bred *Jawita to *Cedr and was rewarded with the colt Wielki Raz. Wielki Raz became famous due to the success of two of his daughters on the track. Fryga, was a four time Darley award winner and was voted into the American Racing Hall of Fame. Maple Sugar, had her share of wins as well and was also a Darley winner.
As we continue our examination of the performance abilities of the Kaszmir descendants, we will start to veer into the exploration of “trot”. In the United States, the use of *Bask and Comet bloodlines was the most obvious choice for a virtual guarantee of success in saddle seat and driving classes. What becomes apparent upon further examination is that bringing in a strong dose of Wielki Szlem/Kaszmir horses formed an additional base on which to keep the “party” going. In addition we can’t forget that Comet already had an element of Wielki Szlem/Kaszmir blood. The Kaszmir daughter Alhambra was also bred to Wielki Szlem consistently. She had eight foals with him, three daughters and five sons. Two of the sons, Don Lambro and Calderon were already mentioned for their successes in the classic races. One of the daughters of this cross, Alfa, was not a particularly striking mare, but she proved to be a fabulous broodmare in Sweden, where she was exported in 1965. She had an absolutely stunning, champion son named Alrex by *Exelsjor. Alfa also had daughters that enabled her to establish her own family. *Almavivva was a full sister to Alfa, but was bay instead of grey. She was sold to Great Britain. There, she had a first class daughter *Alondraa, by the Comet son *Grojec. *Almavivva and *Alondraa moved on to the United States, where both were broodmares. Mike Nichols had particular success as the breeder of Barnaby, a son of *Bask out of *Alondraa. Barnaby was a U.S. Top Ten Halter horse as well as being both a U.S. and Canadian Top Ten English Pleasure horse. 


Gahdar (PL)  bay mare, foaled 1942

(Wielki Szlem (PL) x Gadila (PL) by Kaszmir (PL))

breeder: Ordynacja Czartoryskich, Adamówka, PL 
sire line: Kuhailan Haifi d.b. 1923, b. Khalef el Aouad, imp. 1931 Gumniska (PL)
dam line: Gazella d.b. ~1840, b. Anazeh Sebaa (B), imp. 1845 Jarczowce (PL)


One of my favorite Wielki Szlem daughters is the third version of the Wielki Szlem/Alhambra cross, the wonderful *Ambara. *Ambara (right) had a shapely neck, attractive head, wonderful symmetry, and legs that were straight, clean and strong. *Ambara was bred to excellent stallions in both Poland and the United States and left a family of enormous importance. Her first daughter was *Tryguza. *Tryguza was bred successfully to the Comet sons *Flis and *Wiraz in the United States. Her most famous daughter was undoubtedly Comets Trystar by *Flis. Comets Trystar was the dam of the fantastic *Bask son, Bask Clasix. The *Ambara daughter *Almeriaa died shortly after being imported by Brusally Arabians and left no American offspring. She was by the Trypolis son Faher, and the photographic record that remains, indicates that she matched the quality of her illustrious relatives. Another Trypolis son, Sedziwoj, sired the *Ambara daughter *Amfibia. *Amfibia was purchased in the name of Hal and Arlene Clay and they were responsible for breeding her to *Bask. Mike Nichols is on record as saying that one of his greatest mistakes/regrets was turning down the opportunity to buy *Amfibia when she was carrying her *Bask son, the soon to be famous Ariston. Things worked well for Denise Borg however, who bought Ariston as a youngster. He was a next step breeding option for her *Wiraz daughters and some of her other select Polish mares. I was privileged to see Ariston at the U.S. National Champion Stallion class where he was named a Top Ten. This was the same class where *Aladdinn was given the Championship. Ariston had a lot of motion and proved to be a top sire. He was very, very dry and refined, with great eyes and a long perfectly shaped neck which flowed into very prominent and well defined withers. Ariston trotted very well whether in hand or under saddle. I felt that Ariston was better than *Aladdinn when referring to all of the aforementioned traits. On the other hand *Aladdinn probably had the cleaner legs, along with a smoother body and fuller quarters. *Ambara was imported to the United States by a partnership of the Shearbrook and Sir William Farms. She was carrying the Comet daughter *Bint Ambara, who was snapped up quickly by Lasma Arabians. Dr. LaCroix stated in no uncertain terms that *Bint Ambara was one of the most consistent money makers for his program, ever. She had 20 foals in 21 years, with nine of them being by *Bask. The most impactful product of this golden cross turned out to be Ambition. He was a foundation stallion for the Mulawa Stud in Australia, acquired in 1975. This world famous farm is still going strong many decades later. The farm history recounts: “We traveled through Egypt, Europe, the UK and the United States in search of a herd sire, and in Scottsdale our search came to an end.” Ambition was noteworthy for his “masculine beauty” and “rich dark eyes.” The summation continued as follows: “Through his progeny Ambition created a look that was immediately recognizable and genetically strong and consistent. They showed a smoothness and elegance of type that simply set them apart.” Returning now to *Ambara, Richard and Kay Patterson bought her and bred her to *Bask. The tiny resulting daughter, *Ambra, had a huge heart and was a U.S. and Canadian National Champion Park Horse in 1979. The Pattersons were able to get two *Dar daughters from *Ambara, - Anja and Arija. When sold on, Arija distinguished herself by giving a number of good daughters by Cognac.
As noted, Jaffa, the dam of *Jawita, was eliminated in 1956 according to Mr. Pankiewicz. Jaffa was a full sister to Alhambra. A third full sister, Akra 1941, was eliminated in 1954, but not before leaving the Wielki Szlem daughter Delja. Director Jaworowski made sure that Delja was bred to Comet and the result was the very lovely bay mare Doliwa. It can be seen that having two doses of Wielki Szlem on Kaszmir worked out very well. Doliwa’s Negatiw daughter *Delta was gorgeous as was to be expected. *Delta was imported by the Pattersons and crossed well with *Banat and Negatraz. The dam of Jaffa, Alfa and Alhambra was Atfa. She was bred to Kaszmir six times and had a total of four daughters and two sons.
The mare Cemira also provides interesting formulas to ponder. Late in her breeding career, she had a daughter by Wielki Szlem, named Cerekiew, most famous as the dam of the Comet son *Carycyn. However before Cerekiew was born, Cemira had five foals by Kaszmir, three colts and two daughters. One of the daughters, we have already mentioned, the Oaks winning Jutrzenka. She did not leave any purebred progeny. Jutrzenka’s full sister, Munira left an abundant legacy. She had eight foals by Wielki Szlem, with the final tally coming out at five colts and three fillies. One of the sons was Mudir, already referenced for his solid race record. 

Mudir (PL)  bay stallion, foaled 1955

(Wielki Szlem (PL) x Munira (PL) by Kaszmir (PL))

breeder: Nowy Dwór Stud, PL 
sire line: Kuhailan Haifi d.b. 1923, b. Khalef el Aouad, imp. 1931 Gumniska (PL)
dam line: Mlecha d.b. ~1840, imp. 1845 Jarczowce (PL)


Mudir was imported by Halali Arabians, and as *El Mudir , was put towards the twin duties of siring as well as further training under saddle. The daughters of *El Mudir crossed very well with a later Halali acquisition, the *Bask son Gdansk. The athleticism of *El Mudir can be photographically verified in every way possible, whether from the still frame from a Gladys Brown Edwards film, trotting above level in Poland, or collected like a coiled spring when exploring dressage basics, or finally when put into a totally different frame when ridden by Gene LaCroix Jr. to the title of U.S. National Champion Park horse in 1970. *El Mudir was 15 years old when he attained this title. I believe this may still be the record for the oldest U.S. National Champion Park Horse. Years later, Dr. LaCroix remarked about the value of *El Mudir as a broodmare sire, and expressed regret that he didn’t have a significant stockpile of *El Mudir daughters to breed back to the *Bask sire line. *El Mudir, at 15.2 hands, was a big and robust horse with incredible withers and a longer neck than was customary for a Wielki Szlem horse. His legs looked the worse for wear after a number of years, but they nonetheless stood up to the extensive demands placed upon them. *El Mudir’s sister Bint Munira was anything but robust looking. She proved to be a very valuable mare though. She had foals by a variety of stallions, beginning with three daughters by Trypolis. The oldest, Bitwa, was brought to Holland as a five year old, in 1960, by the eminent expert Dr. Houtappel. Bint Munira had four foals by Comet, two sons and two daughters. A stretchy, elegant daughter named *Bryzeida was born in 1959. Andrew Steen took fantastic pictures of *Bryzeida during a trip to Poland in 1965. In 1966 Denise Borg brought *Bryzeida to the United States where she used the mare in a bold breeding experiment. This was the breeding of a Comet daughter out of a Wielki Szlem daughter, to *Wiraz, Borg’s Comet son out of a Wielki Szlem daughter. Two fantastic daughters were the result, a bay, Four Winds Brandi, and a grey, Four Winds Bryze. I never saw these mares personally, but I did see their gorgeous offspring by Ariston during a visit with Denise Borg. A typical example of this cross was the stallion Aristo Brio. He had four crosses to Kaszmir. Besides *Bryzeida, Bint Munira had three other offspring by Comet. Bokata became an esteemed broodmare at Janow. The stallion Beldan was exported to Finland and from there had a small influence on European breeding. The stallion Badr Bedur was one of the few Comet sons that was retained for breeding in Poland. He was used for only one year before being exported to France, where he sired some decent horses. From among the eight weaned foals from Badr Bedur’s first crop in Poland, two nice mares appeared, *Dratwa and *Lauda. Mr. Pankiewicz gave this description of Badr Bedur: “… was a pretty, correct horse …,” while Director Krzysztalowicz said: “…of diminutive, delicate build, fairly typey, but with average action.” Bint Munira had a lovely Negatiw daughter, Nebulosa, who bred on very nicely in Sweden. Bint Munira’s Arcus daughter, *Bigotka, would go on to have the greatest impact on world breeding from this branch. *Bigotka was exported to the United States carrying a Negatiw daughter. The Negatiw daughter was named *Negotka. Mother and daughter were owned by the Clays, the breeders of Ariston. Richard and Kay Patterson purchased *Negotka and then *Bigotka. Both would go on to be very important mares for the Patterson program. *Negotka’s first foal was the *Bask son Negatraz. Negatraz is most famous as the father of Monogramm.
The Koheilan I daughter Magja had only two offspring by Kaszmir, a son Latawiec II and the important mare Kaszma. Kasma had six foals by Wielki Szlem in seven years, with three of them being utilized quite well. The stallion *Kasztel was born in 1951, sandwiched in between his sisters Daszma 1950 and *Kochanas 1952. We have already referenced that *Kochanas was victorious in the Oaks, with Daszma taking a fourth in the same race, and that *Kasztel placed fourth in the Derby. *Kasztel made his way to the United States where he was ultimately purchased by the Pattersons and took his place among their elite battery of stallions. *Kochanas also wound up at the Pattersons and had foals in the United States, but it was her Trypolis daughter *Tryncza, imported by Sir William Farm, who became the most famous from this family. *Tryncza had a son Samtyr who was a very successful racehorse. Thanks are due to his owner Sam Harrision who did much to publicize the Arabian racing industry in the early years in America. Samtyr was by *Sambor, a son of Czort and *Sabellina. We have already remarked about the Wielki Szlem/Kaszmir link in the pedigree of *Sabellina. A full sister to Samtyr, Fitz Janny, was a foundation mare for Ottoman Arabians, owned by Mustafa Sabankaya. *Kochanas had a son by Sedziwoj, *Kluszyn, who was very successful as a Park horse in the United States. This horse was very powerful. Trypolis did well with Kochanas’ full sister Daszma. The daughter *Daszenka was the highest priced mare in the first large group of horses from the Brusally importation in 1963. The sight of *Daszenka in a Brusally sale many years later was very impressive to me. She had a neck that was long, shapely and beautifully carried, to say nothing of a wonderful trot. *Daszenka was elegant, classy and dry.
The mare Unaiza had eight foals during the nine years that Kaszmir was active at stud. The only exception was when Unaiza had an Ofir son in 1939. The breakdown for her Kaszmir offspring was four colts and four fillies. Two fillies bred on very well, Larissa and Mordzana. Larissa (pictured below) was a very full bodied, smooth and attractive mare and her legs looked to be of good quality as well. Larissa had seven foals by Wielki Szlem, two sons and five daughters. One of these daughters, Latawica, was selected for importation to Great Britain and did a nice job as a broodmare there. The most successful product of the Wielki Szlem/Larissa cross was *Cissa. *Cissa was a smooth and feminine mare with a good underlying structure. She had a very masculine son with Trypolis named *Cytrys who was a head sire at Patterson Arabians. Mr. Pankiewicz and others said that *Cytrys was the best son of Trypolis and that Poland made a huge mistake in not utilizing *Cytrys at stud. Kay Patterson’s assessments always carry weight, and she said: “Every *Cytrys foal was an athlete.” *Cytrys was fourth in the Derby and his granddaughter Lite My Fire, by *Bask, was a U.S. National Champion English Pleasure Horse. *Cissa was imported to the United States and she brought with her a son by *Pietuszok, *Cypr, who sired performance winners. *Cissa continued her duties as a broodmare in the United States. It has probably been observed by now that Trypolis, or his sons, crossed well with the Wielki Szlem/Kaszmir mares. *Cissa’s daughter Cisawica, by Sedziwoj, certainly reinforced that pattern. Cisawica was exported to Sweden carrying her daughter Nidshem by Gwarny. Nidshem was in the minds of many, the best daughter of Gwarny. She certainly is my favorite.


Nidshem (SE)  grey mare, foaled 1966

(Gwarny (PL) x Cisawica (PL) by Sędziwój (PL))

breeder: Papa's Arabians, SE 
sire line: Bairactar d.b. 1813, imp. 1817 Weil (DE)
dam line: Mlecha d.b. ~1840, imp. 1845 Jarczowce (PL)


Larissa’s sister Mordzana had four foals by Wielki Szlem and all were fillies. Mention was made of the good race record of Montana. I owned a full sister, *Morwa, who could not point to the same achievements. She was, like many Wielki Szlem daughters a solid, but unpretentious mare. Her legs could definitely have been better but she was a square, balanced horse with excellent withers. *Morwa could really trot and she gave me an Ariston daughter who was similarly talented. Mustafa Sabankaya had Arista Blanca, a full sister to my Ariston daughter, who was even more sensational when moving. Arista Blanca, had a Gdansk son for Mr. Sabankaya, Spark, who would be the most important foundation sire for the Sabankaya program for better than two decades. Spark had a very powerful, Kuhailan body, and consistently gave very attractive heads finished with extreme ears. One of Spark’s early achievements was as a Get-of-Sire winner at Scottsdale. Arista Blanca was a double Wielki Szlem/Kaszmir horse and Gdansk brought in one more dose of the same. A full sister to *Morwa was Czantoria who was exported to Great Britain. There she was named National Champion Mare at the advanced age of 26. Mordzana provides a jumping off point that will enable us to expand our dialog. Thus far, the fortunes of the Kaszmir horses have been irrevocably linked to Wielki Szlem, with the generally accepted assessment being that Wielki Szlem was the more valuable component. It is my contention that there are some very successful horses with Kaszmir bloodlines where the influence of Wielki Szlem is minimal or non-existent, and we should not neglect these individuals.
Mordzana was bred to Trypolis to produce *Mortissa, another mare that made her way to the Pattersons. *Mortissa was the dam of *Czortan, by Czort (admittedly Czort was by Wielki Szlem). *Czortan was by far the best looking son of Czort in my opinion, at least as far as head morphology. *Czortan had a number of other first rate qualities. *Mortissa had two good *Bask daughters as well. My first Arabian was a *Fortel daughter out of one of the *Bask/*Mortissa daughters. She was a very pretty, refined, dark bay mare with a lovely head and good movement. The Pattersons were gracious enough to let me see *Mortissa turned out at liberty and she put on one of the most memorable shows I’ve ever seen. Her “drama” rivaled that of *Cytrys when he was similarly presented to me. As I’ve said, both of these greats were by Trypolis. *Mortissa was a much more elegant mare than her half-sister, *Morwa, who was then owned by me. *Mortissa’s neck was fantastic. She had daughters by Negatraz, with one, Marushka reverting back somewhat to a Trypolis horse as her croup was a little rough. However Marushka bred back to *Dar, gave a very good stallion, Medalion. Medalion had three crosses to Kaszmir.
We have covered the Wielki Szlem offspring out of Munira, but Munira also had a son by Witraz. His name was Muharyt and his life story was quite unique. We can glean a bit from this summation by Pankiewicz: “… being a son of the remarkable Witraz 1938, he was consequently a good looking horse. As a result of his use in riding clubs, his legs were in terrible condition, which hindered a fair acclaim of their correctness. When bred by private breeders, he sired the classy mare Murat Hannum 1974 of whom even state studs would surely be proud, and who produced three stallions for private breeding.” So yes, Muharyt was virtually banished from breeding in the state studs. Finally, some private breeders had tried him on a modest scale, beginning when the horse was 14 years old. Six foals were born over six years, with four daughters breeding on. By this time, direct sons of Witraz were an extremely rare commodity. Celebes was in his final year of stud duties but got no mares in foal in 1977. In the same year, Muharyt was bred to 4 mares at Janow and had one foal, the daughter Cartagena. The following year, Muharyt had two foals at Janow, with one of them being the intensely line bred mare, *El Mura. *El Mura’s dam was the first National Champion mare in Poland, the lovely Elewacja. Elewacja was created when the Witraz son Celebes, was bred to the Witraz daughter Ellora. To then go to the well again, by breeding to the Witraz son Muharyt, was a very bold move. I very much liked the looks of *El Mura and she was a nice mover as well. She made her home in the United States with Magness Arabians. I felt that crossing *El Mura frequently with *Gondolier blood was in a sense, too big a leap, and much of the unique qualities of *El Mura which had been so hard won, were subsequently lost.
We have seen how the wartime losses affected the inventory of Kaszmir daughters available to the world. A similar unintentional winnowing took place for some Kaszmir sons. I would have been very interested to know what kind of individual the Kaszmir son out Federacja, Traktat 1937, might have been. He was a half-brother to the great *Witez II. Thankfully there were two Kaszmir sons who bred on. Let’s take a look at Geyran 1937. Mr. Pankiewicz not only left definitive information about Geyran, but selected him for use on the wonderful mares at Albigowa. Herewith: “the head, although big and lacking a good profile, possessed a pretty, ebony-colored, black skin and a lovely black eye which toned down the horse’s appearance. (Remember, these comments are loosely translated from Polish to English) He was big, deep and wide (never before have I met a horse with such a wide chest compared to his size). He had long pasterns and a slightly poor hock. His movement was that of a trotter.” “Geyran truly captivated me during a presentation in Gniezno and I was allowed to take him to Albigowa. He certainly wasn’t a top-class horse yet managed to sire Ariwstawa 1958, a mare who became a U.S. and Canadian Champion (pictured below). His only daughter used in Poland, Wieszczka 1957, established a valuable family which is still active these days.” “Geyran’s progeny happened to live during a period when elimination of foals was carried out in order to reduce their number in proportion to the number of mares at stud


Arwistawa (PL)  grey mare, foaled 1958


breeder: Albigowa Stud, PL 
sire line: Krzyżyk d.b. 1869, imp. 1876 Jarczowce (PL)
dam line: Mlecha d.b. ~1840, imp. 1845 Jarczowce (PL)

 But for this fact, a greater number of Geyran’s progeny would surely have been used for breeding.” Monika Luft, in an interview with Roman Pankiewicz, shed additional light on the rigid selection practices of the Polish studs, wherein Mr. Pankiewicz said: “There were subsidies for mares, so foals were eliminated to improve the financial condition of the stud.” Geyran was about an inch taller than his sire, topping out at 156 centimeters or 15.2 hands. His bone was very substantial with a circumference of 20.5 at the cannon, which on that basis alone would have made me pay close attention to him as a prospective successor to his sire. The comparable measurement for Kaszmir was 18.5 centimeters. Geyran bred purebred mares for just two seasons in Poland, siring only at Albigowa. Besides the two daughters already mentioned, another, *Mesalina, bred on. She was purchased by Lasma Arabians in 1963, accompanying *Bask to the United States. *Mesalina was apparently something of a throw-in mare to fill out the shipment and was said to be off type, but she crossed very well with *Bask. One son, Mieczych, was a U.S. National Champion Park Horse. Three full brothers of Mieczych - Mash, Missile, and Monsignor were also great movers. The Pattersons purchased another full sibling, Mesalia, who was a twin, and bred her to *Dar. The resulting daughter, Maritza, was one of the first horses trained by the Stachowski brothers. The great Director Jaworowski told the Pattersons that Maritza was very reminiscent of the Amurath Sahib daughters that were bred to *Naborr, and that type of cross should be attempted again, since at that time *Naborr was still siring in the United States. The Pattersons followed the advice and got a charming mare that they named Meeka. 


Taktika (SU)  bay mare, foaled 1943

breeder: Tersk Stud, RU 
sire line: Krzyżyk d.b. 1869, imp. 1876 Jarczowce (PL)
dam line: Selma d.b. 1865, b. Abbas Pasha I (EG)


Wieszczka gave a very good daughter *Wieza by Doktryner as well as the mare *Wieliczka, by Celebes. *Wieliczka was purchased by the Pattersons, who later obtained *Wieza. When well along in years, Wieszczka was sold to the Thorners in Germany where she proved to be a very fertile and long lived broodmare. A friend of mine saw Wieszczka as an aged mare and brought back many pictures. Wieszczka was an absolute tank in the best sense of the word. Returning to *Wieza, she gave many good offspring. Some of the more prominent would include *Wibracja, by *Elef, who sold for a very high price in the Polish Ovation Sale of 1985, *Wieczorynka by *Melon, who was an early foundation mare for Marsha Parkinson, Werwa by Negatraz, bred by the Pattersons, as well as Wiorsta by *Banat. Wiorsta was a very successful show horse, carrying the banner for the Polish breeding program. I saw Werwa as an aged mare and she was noteworthy for her nobility and substance. She had exceptional hind quarters and musculature, along with the bonus of great eyes and shapely ears.

Besides *Aristawa, *Mesalina and Wieszczka, Geyran had a good looking son Cargo 1958, out of the Witraz daughter Carissima. Cargo was exported to Hungary in 1964. *Aristawa really deserves more attention at this point in our narrative. Besides her double National Championships achieved against some of the best mares on the continent, including some other great Polish beauties, *Aristawa’s quality still jumps out to this day. This in spite of the fact that many who saw her in person, including Andrew Steen, said that no picture did her justice. She was a very good sized, grand mare with enough substance and correctness to appeal to non-Arabian aficionados. Arlene Magid speculated that the Poles may have had an inkling that she would prove to be a problem breeder and that was the only reason they let her go by exporting her in 1964. *Aristawa was selected and shown by the trainer Alan Rogers for the Double U Ranch in Canada. Mr. Rogers daughter, Roxanne, gives information that is more definitive in terms of why Poland parted with *Aristawa. Ms. Rogers states that the Double U buyers made the purchase of ten Polish Arabians contingent on the inclusion of *Aristawa in the group. An all or nothing proposition. *Aristawa had only two lifetime foals, her son Arwitraz and a daughter Gay Miracle, both by *Gaypolka.
The other Kaszmir son to be discussed is Taki Pan 1937 who was part of the large Polish herd swept off to Russia in 1939. Taki Pan was out of the fantastic Janow broodmare Dziwa, best known as the dam of *Ofir. Ofir also went to Russia. Taki Pan and Ofir were not used extensively by the Tersk breeders. Ofir’s Polish born foals would be his greatest legacy. His daughter Mammona, born in 1939, famously survived the grueling journey on foot as a weanling from Poland to the Caucasus region and went on to found what most would consider the most important family in Russian Arabian breeding. Taki Pan had 43 foals that were born from 1943 through 1950. The greatest year of usage was 1949. Taki Pan did great service to the breed when his daughter Taktika made her appearance. Taktika (left) was out of Krona by Kann. Krona’s dam was the Crabbet mare, Star of the Hills. Most experts would say that Taktika is second only to Mammona in terms of her influence at Tersk. Taktika had 15 foals in 16 years of production from 1948 to 1963. Other than a foal each from Kann and Negatiw, she was utilized solely with either Priboj or his son Pomeranets, who was out of Mammona. There were nine Priboj offspring out of Taktika with two mares and one stallion being very well used in Russia, and one mare and one stallion being similarly valued in Poland. Taktika had a commendable race record of 14 (5-2-4).
The first example of the Priboj/Taktika cross to be examined in detail will be Platina 1950. Platina’s race record was 11 (4-3-1). This included a victory in the Russian Oaks. Platina was awarded the coveted Certificate of First Degree on two occasions, 1956 and 1958 at the prestigious All Union Exhibit. Platina was bred to the short lived Egyptian stallion Nil, to give a daughter, Panel. Panel was bred to Aswan to give the son Palas. Palas went from Russia to Poland where he was used very heavily at stud and sired a very large number of Polish champions. Although Palas could be termed a three quarter Egyptian horse, credit must be given to Platina for giving such a splendid base, contributing both solid conformation and accompanying athletic ability. Platina had a powerful daughter by Arax, named Panama. When brought to the United States by Robert Stratmore, her name was changed to *Panama of Tersk. *Palitra, *Panama of Tersk’s daughter by *Salon, was a super looking mare who exhibited more type than her dam. *Palitra was distinguished by being bred back to her own sire *Salon, and gave a very high quality son named Ponomarev. This was quite a bold in-breeding experiment that surprisingly worked out. Platina’s Aswan daughter Panorama, was the dam of a beautiful *Salon daughter, Pesenka, who did much to focus attention on the Russian breeding program when she was named a U.S. National Reserve Champion Mare in 1980 with Aude Espourtielle as the handler.
Platina’s full sister Ptashka, born in 1953, was Champion at the All Union Exhibit in 1956, while her dam Taktika attained the same ultimate honor in 1958, at the age of 15. Ptashka’s race record was 8 (4-2-1). Platina had a number of successful daughters, but my favorite was Palmira by *Salon. Gladys Brown Edwards saw Ptashka and a lineup of her daughters at Tersk when she visited along with Janice Garrard and Inez Doner. She commented very favorably about Platina and Palmira, while being very complimentary towards the whole family. Palmira’s daughter *Pristan by Aswan was another successful show mare in the Americas as she was both a U.S. and Canadian Top Ten Mare during the same era that *Pesenka was being shown. Another prominent daughter of Ptashka was Pesnia, most famous as the dam of *Pesniar. *Pesniar was purchased by a group that was spearheaded by Armand Hammer for the famously trumpeted amount of $1,000,000. *Pesniar arrived at a time when the market for Arabians in the U.S. was about to suffer a major downturn, but I think it is fair to state that in spite of the decent phenotype that *Pesniar displayed, he was something of a disappointment as a sire. No one ever said that breeding Arabians was easy. Ptashka’s last daughter was *Parketnaia, a full sister to Pesnia. She was a great moving 15.2 mare, who showed the dominance of her mother in looks and athleticism. *Parketnaia was imported by Howard Kale, the driving force, aided by Mr. Stratmore, in getting so many fine Russian Arabians imported and registered in North America.
Taktika’s last Priboj foal was Topol 1958. Topol was another winner of the Certificate of First Degree, receiving it in 1962. Topol was a more than capable performer on the track as his fine record of 16 (9-4-3) attests. When the Priboj son Pomeranets died, it was Topol who was charged with continuing the sire line at the Tersk Stud. Gladys Brown Edwards also saw Topol during her trip and remarked that he looked something like a Morgan horse due to his musculature and conformation. He was a large horse at 15.3 and sired a number of great racehorses. In the case of the cross of Priboj on Taktika, diligent observers can find incredible racing credentials on both sides of the pedigree, and of course Kaszmir did his part to contribute through Taki Pan, who as already mentioned, was Taktika’s father. Dr. Dee Whittlesey pointed out that many times the Russians tried out their stallions as sires of half-Arabians to determine their breeding value, before trusting them to sire purebreds. Thus Topol was 13 before he sired purebreds at Tersk, a duty that he maintained until his passing at the age of 19.
Taktika had a run of four foals in a row by Pomeranets. The most consequential result of this cross was Trapecia 1961. She gave two high quality daughters, Tien and Toska, by Arax. In addition, her Arax son *Tamerlan was used in Europe and the United States. *Tamerlan was another member of this family who was very good sized, being in the neighborhood of 15.3 to 16 hands. *Tamerlan’s influence will forever go forward as his daughter *Kilika is the dam of the world famous stallion Padrons Psyche. *Tamerlan was imported to the U.S. by Robert Stratmore. The Arax son Nabeg crossed quite well with Trapecia as well.
The two examples of the Priboj/Taktika cross to have impact in Poland were the stallion *Pietuszok and the mare Potencja. Potencja was a stakes winner in both Russia and Poland. Carl Fudge relays that Potencja was victorious in the S.M. Budenny Stakes in record time as a two year old. Later, Potencja was able to secure the ultimate racing prize in Poland, the Derby. I owned a daughter of Potencja by the hardy Wielki Szlem son Czardasz. This mare was *Patyna, a legitimate 15.3 hand mare that was very much an Anglo-Arab looking mare



 PADRONS PSYCHE (us)  chestnut stallion, foaled 1988


breeder: McPherson Family Trust, US 
sire line: Saklawi I 1886, b. Anazeh Ruala (B)
dam line: Dafina d.b. 1926


Pietuszok (SU)  bay stallion, foaled 1954


breeder: Tersk Stud, RU 
sire line: Koheilan Adjuze d.b. 1876, b. Anazeh Sebaa (B), imp. 1885 Bábolna (HU)

dam line: Selma d.b. 1865, b. Abbas Pasha I (EG)





 She was used well by the Pattersons, who also owned her fantastic half-sister *Podwika by Comet. *Patyna was carrying a *Eunizar daughter, when I acquired her. This daughter, Patina Dalene, is the grandmother of the 2014 Tevis Cup Champion, French Open. Patyna’s full sister Potega perpetuated the family in Poland.

Topol’s brother *Pietuszok was also tall. By the time that he made it the Americas he was listed at 15.3, but this is a bit higher than the measurements cited for him in Poland. Mr. Pankiewicz noted: “Pietuszok was useful to the Polish breeding industry because of the impressive size of his offspring.” It seems that even the Poles had varying preferences for the advantages or disadvantages of size, depending on the era being referenced. Nonetheless *Pietuszok almost couldn’t win because Mr. Pankiewicz also said he was: “…a bit too leggy.” Pietuszok had a very sturdy underlying skeletal structure, but his musculature was not as pronounced as was that of Topol. *Pietuszok had a wonderful eye and many of his offspring were successful on the track in Poland. Revel in these results: *Orla winner of the Oaks, Derby and twice the Criterium - *Beatrice winner of the Oaks - *Wilma second in the Oaks and fourth in the Derby - *Andorra and *Certa, fourth in the Oaks - *Wosk winner of the Derby and fourth in the Criterium - Czyr third in the Derby - Elemi fourth in the Derby - *Orzel, second in the Criterium, - *Bajram third in the Criterium. *Orzel would go on to have a great race record in the United States which was topped off by beating the splendid Kontiki as well as being named U.S. National Champion Race Horse. *Orzel united with *Sambor to be the best sires of racehorses in United States during the 70’s and 80’s. The *Pietuszok daughter *Wilma, a full sister to *Wosk, was bred to Etap, a horse not known for his racing proclivities and gave a phenomenal racehorse *Wiking who took racing to a next step in the United States during the 80’s and 90’s and into the turn of the century. *Wiking’s best son was Monarch AH who traced to *Sabellina in the tail female line through a full sister to Sambor. Every one of the four great Polish racing sires just mentioned, *Sambor, *Orzel, *Wiking and Monarch AH, certainly owe some of their dominance to the presence of Kaszmir in their pedigrees.
*Pietuszok inspired conflicting opinions about his usefulness as a sire with Polish mares. Mr. Pankiewicz and Director Jaworowski were not overly impressed by his appearance. I think the daughters of Comet, Negatiw, Amurath Sahib and Witraz represented a pinnacle of quality for which further improvement was a challenge. In the case of the Witraz daughters, I think that *Pietuszok and Geyran did as good a job as any stallions in terms of bringing forth a useful next generation springing from the Witraz daughters. The sample size for this usage was larger for *Pietuszok than for Geyran. *Bajram, *Beatrice and *Banda were all out of *Bask’s full sister Bandola. Two of *Bajram’s American-bred daughters were the dams of U.S. National Champion Park horses by *Bask. *Beatrice was a mare of exceptional quality. Another mare that was mentioned as being a near equal of Bandola in quality was the grey mare Celia. She gave two nice *Pietuszok daughters, *Celia and  *Cecora, who I felt were dismissed from the Polish studs a little too early



Algonkina (PL)  bay mare, foaled 1961

(Pietuszok (SU) x Alga (PL) by Witraz (PL))

breeder: Albigowa Stud, PL 
sire line: Koheilan Adjuze d.b. 1876, b. Anazeh Sebaa (B), imp. 1885 Bábolna (HU)

dam line: Scherife d.b. 1896, imp. 1902 Bábolna (HU)

 This resulted in the family of Balia/35 being only tenuously represented. Alga gave two splendid daughters by *Pietuszok. Algonkina and *Ala. Algonkina (right) was known as Director Krzysztalowicz’s favorite mare and he housed her in the stall of the most convenient proximity in the Janow barn, in case Janow was ever again subject to another invasion. *Ala was purchased by the Pattersons. She had seven foals by Negatraz with six of them being daughters. All of the daughters were first rate. The most noteworthy would be Alagonkina, the high selling mare of the Scottsdale Sales of 1987 and Algona, who was carrying a Meridian daughter at the first Patterson/Locust auction. This daughter, AH Meditation had a pure Polish daughter by the *Bask son Baskevich. This daughter was the dam of the very well known, successful performance horse and sire, Baske Afire. Another Patterson beauty was *Elizaa. This mare made one of the strongest favorable impressions on me ever from among those horses which I was privileged to see in person. She was reported to be Richard Patterson’s favorite Kuhailan mare from his fine herd. *Elizaa had two full sisters, *Elba and Edessa. In Sweden, Edessa gave a daughter *Edjora, whose daughter Kajora by Kaborr, will forever be famous as the dam of the important international sire Gazal al Shaqab.

An interesting use for the *Pietuszok daughters out of the Witraz daughters came about when they were in turn crossed with the Witraz son Celebes. For instance Algonkina had three wonderful daughters and a solid son from this strategy. The son was *Algomej. The daughters were *Alpaga and Algeria. Algeria took her mother’s place in the most favored stall at Janow. Kay Patterson felt that their version of this cross, *Alpaga, conceded little to nothing in quality to Algeria, who was a National Champion Mare in Poland. I personally saw the third full sister, *Algorada, on at least a weekly basis for the last half decade of her life and she ranked close to *Elizaa in terms of excellence in my opinion. *Elizaa’s son *Elimar is most famous as being the sire of the multi-National Champion Park Horse MHR Nobility. The Pattersons made it a point to utilize daughters of *Pietuszok with Negatraz. Some other Patterson  owned *Pietuszok daughters were *Harda, *Kassapia and *Andorra. I am particularly partial to *Andorra as she was the dam of my stallion Andrzejevo, who seemed to be an outstanding blend of his parents, typier than his “Anglo Araby” looking dam and taller and stronger, with more dynamic motion than his still exquisite sire, Negatraz.
Another excellent stallion of an earlier era, Koheilan I, crossed very well with Kaszmir blood in my opinion. Koheilan I blood had comparable racing credentials to that of Kaszmir, along with more textbook sturdy legs. Priboj traced back through his sire line to Koheilan I. The Priboj/Taktika horses, plus *Tryncza and Comet are among those who benefited from the combination of Koheilan I with Kaszmir. I hope this partial recitation proves helpful. I hope to prompt the input of others and I will still, no doubt, introduce a few more bits of information by way of further comments. I have tried to show that while Kaszmir may not be as famous as the “Seven Splendids”, nonetheless his influence is deserving of notice, whether joined with the blood of Wielki Szlem or going it alone


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